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物理化学学报  2017, Vol. 33 Issue (6): 1114-1122    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201702213
论文     
一种精密恒温环境微量燃烧-溶解-反应多用量热计的设计及应用
李旭1,李强国1,*(),蒋建宏1,谷惠文2,*(),李传华1,肖圣雄1,李霞1
1 湘南学院化学生物与环境工程学院,湖南郴州423000
2 长江大学化学与环境工程学院,湖北荆州434023
Design and Application of a Precise Isoperibol Combus-tion-Solution-Reaction Microcalorimeter
Xu LI1,Qiang-Guo LI1,*(),Jian-Hong JIANG1,Hui-Wen GU2,*(),Chuan-Hua LI1,Sheng-Xiong XIAO1,Xia LI1
1 College of Chemistry Biology and Environmental Engineering, Xiangnan University, Chenzhou 423043, P. R. China
2 College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, P. R. China
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摘要:

将SRC-100型溶解-反应量热计改进成了一种精密恒温环境微量燃烧-溶解-反应多用量热计。采用电能法标定了量热计的能当量,其值为Ccalor=(987.63±0.61)J·K-1。用该量热计分别测定了苯甲酸和丁二酸的标准质量燃烧热,分别为△cUm, Bθ(cr, T=298.15K)=-(26425.99±10.70)J·g-1和△cUm, Sθ(cr, T=298.15K)=-(12621.97±5.30)J·g-1。测量的不确定度小于0.04%,精度高于0.05%。

关键词: 微量燃烧-溶解-反应量热计标准质量燃烧热苯甲酸丁二酸    
Abstract:

The SRC-100 type solution-reaction calorimeter was improved to a more precise and versatile isoperibol combustion-solution-reaction microcalorimeter. The energy equivalent of the calorimeter was calibrated to be Ccalor=(987.63±0.61) J·K-1 by the electric calibration method. The standard massic energy of combustion of benzoic acid and succinic acid were determined by the developed isoperibol combustion-solution-reaction microcalorimeter as △cUm, Bθ(cr, T=298.15K)=-(26425.99±10.70) J·g-1 and △cUm, Sθ(cr, T=298.15K)=-(12621.97±5.30) J·g-1, respec-tively. The uncertainty of the measurement was less than 0.04% and the accuracy was higher than 0.05%.

Key words: Combustion-solution-reaction microcalorimeter    Standard massic energy of combustion    Benzoic acid    Succinic acid
收稿日期: 2016-12-26 出版日期: 2017-02-21
中图分类号:  O642  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金(21273190);湖南省科技厅计划项目(2014TT2026)
通讯作者: 李强国,谷惠文     E-mail: liqiangguo@163.com;gugo@yangtzeu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

李旭,李强国,蒋建宏,谷惠文,李传华,肖圣雄,李霞. 一种精密恒温环境微量燃烧-溶解-反应多用量热计的设计及应用[J]. 物理化学学报, 2017, 33(6): 1114-1122.

Xu LI,Qiang-Guo LI,Jian-Hong JIANG,Hui-Wen GU,Chuan-Hua LI,Sheng-Xiong XIAO,Xia LI. Design and Application of a Precise Isoperibol Combus-tion-Solution-Reaction Microcalorimeter. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinca, 2017, 33(6): 1114-1122.

链接本文:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/CN/10.3866/PKU.WHXB201702213        http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/CN/Y2017/V33/I6/1114

图1  微型燃烧弹剖面
图2  量热计(燃烧热测定)示意图
Experimental temperature/K Average potential and standard deviation/(mV·K-1)
298.350 20.8506 ± 0.0098
298.250 10.4089 ± 0.0010
298.150 -0.0309 ± 0.0064
298.050 -10.4727 ± 0.0082
297.950 -20.9125 ± 0.0043
表1  传感器的电势与温度的关系
No. t/sa ΔTign/mVb ΔTw/mVc Uign/Jd Uignθ/Je Ccalor/(J·K-1)f
1 29.250 1.6706 1.7183 15.7871 15.7857 986.3361
2 29.375 1.6585 1.7242 15.6859 15.6845 987.1608
3 29.515 1.6635 1.7309 15.7470 15.7456 988.0271
4 29.671 1.6647 1.7412 15.7479 15.7465 987.3800
5 29.671 1.6575 1.7401 15.6897 15.6883 987.9958
6 29.781 1.6780 1.7467 15.8824 15.8810 987.9123
7 29.437 1.6527 1.7265 15.6432 15.6419 987.9541
8 29.593 1.6656 1.7369 15.7539 15.7525 987.2234
9 29.421 1.6650 1.7256 15.7583 15.7570 987.8601
10 29.510 1.6622 1.7299 15.7411 15.7397 988.4342
ave. 15.7423 987.6305
std. ±0.0648 ±0.6054
表2  铂丝的点火能及量热计的能当量
No. mC/ga t/sb ΔTc/mVc ΔTw/mVd Utotal/Je Utotalθ/Jf ΔUHNO3θ/Jg Uignθ/Jh cUCθ/(J?g-1)i
1 0.00141 89.702 4.0822 5.2762 38.5068 38.5504 0.0000 15.7423 16142.84
2 0.00102 70.968 3.4100 4.1840 32.1958 32.1931 0.0000 15.7423 16128.24
3 0.00104 60.796 3.4667 3.5976 32.5217 32.5190 0.0000 15.7423 16131.44
4 0.00145 70.937 4.1449 4.1776 39.1296 39.1265 0.0000 15.7423 16127.03
5 0.00134 69.390 3.9487 4.0760 37.3584 37.3555 0.0000 15.7423 16129.25
6 0.00140 68.484 4.0601 4.0236 38.3453 38.3422 0.0000 15.7423 16142.79
7 0.00114 57.687 3.6485 3.4193 34.1409 34.1381 0.0000 15.7423 16136.67
8 0.00143 68.546 4.0987 4.0119 38.8255 38.8224 0.0000 15.7423 16139.93
9 0.00130 66.562 3.9023 3.9217 36.7306 36.7276 0.0000 15.7423 16142.54
10 0.00143 66.703 4.1109 3.9230 38.8026 38.7994 0.0000 15.7423 16123.85
ave. 16134.46
std. ±7.32
表3  棉线的标准质量燃烧热
No. mB/ga mC/gb t/sc ΔTc/mVd ΔTw/mVe Utotal/Jf Utotalθ/Jg ΔUHNO3θ/Jh Uignθ/Ji cUCθ/(J?g-1)j cUBθ0/(J?g-1)k
1 0.00779 0.00153 500.953 25.3884 28.6824 246.1619 246.1469 0.0000 15.7423 24.6857 26408.07
2 0.00968 0.00154 630.500 30.1968 35.6685 296.3707 296.3551 0.0000 15.7423 24.8471 26422.08
3 0.00754 0.00119 482.593 24.0120 27.4809 234.0892 234.075 0.0000 15.7423 19.2000 26410.17
4 0.00829 0.00157 530.718 26.7884 30.3092 260.1990 260.1837 0.0000 15.7423 25.3311 26430.68
5 0.00954 0.00126 615.640 29.2362 34.7110 288.1816 288.1662 0.0000 15.7423 20.3294 26425.00
6 0.01088 0.00136 700.922 33.1155 39.6142 325.2769 325.2611 0.0000 15.7423 21.9429 26431.46
7 0.00743 0.00151 470.608 24.4127 26.9918 236.4905 236.4761 0.0000 15.7423 24.3630 26429.45
8 0.01119 0.00132 720.594 33.9895 40.8027 332.7640 332.7497 0.0000 15.7423 21.2975 26426.26
9 0.00725 0.00136 450.562 23.7179 25.8232 229.3338 229.3196 0.0000 15.7423 21.9428 26432.34
10 0.01303 0.00135 730.484 38.9763 41.3104 382.1096 382.0942 0.0000 15.7423 21.7815 26444.39
ave. 26425.99
std. ±10.70
表4  苯甲酸的标准质量燃烧热
No. mS/ga mC/gb t/sc ΔTc/mVd ΔTw/mVe Utotal/Jf Utotalθ/Jg ΔUHNOθ3/Jh Uignθ/Ji cUCθ/(J?g-1)j cUBθ/(J?g-1)k
1 0.01983 0.00155 550.967 29.8941 31.4078 291.1244 291.1242 0.0000 15.7423 25.0084 12626.00
2 0.01931 0.00159 531.031 29.326 30.3070 285.2551 285.2543 0.0000 15.7423 25.6538 12622.06
3 0.02049 0.00143 560.953 30.4849 31.9103 297.4957 297.4960 0.0000 15.7423 23.0723 12624.76
4 0.01902 0.00117 535.609 28.2882 30.6055 274.8258 274.8238 0.0000 15.7423 18.8773 12629.03
5 0.01897 0.00138 511.609 28.6976 29.3871 277.3514 277.3492 0.0000 15.7423 22.2656 12616.83
6 0.01845 0.00121 492.484 27.6321 28.1841 268.0427 268.0400 0.0000 15.7423 19.5227 12616.53
7 0.01804 0.00159 485.546 27.8260 27.8761 269.0618 269.0583 0.0000 15.7423 25.6538 12619.86
8 0.01982 0.00141 540.531 29.8762 31.0401 288.8194 288.8183 0.0000 15.7423 22.7496 12629.99
9 0.01984 0.00158 550.968 29.8962 31.3714 291.4824 291.4814 0.0000 15.7423 25.4924 12613.24
10 0.01951 0.00172 540.531 29.9223 31.0026 289.6143 289.6127 0.0000 15.7423 27.7513 12615.02
ave. 12621.97
std. ±5.30
表5  丁二酸的标准质量燃烧热
图3  等面积法原理图
图4  加热(或燃烧放热)电压-时间曲线
图5  电势与温度的线性关系
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