物理化学学报 >> 2022, Vol. 38 >> Issue (6): 2107009.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202107009

所属专题: 面向电化学储能与转化的表界面工程

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电压敏感性聚三苯胺修饰隔膜用于锂硫电池过充保护

张楠祥1, 魏壮壮1, 冯涛1, 吴锋1,2,3, 赵腾1,2,*(), 陈人杰1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1 北京理工大学材料学院,北京 100081
    2 北京理工大学前沿技术研究院,济南 250300
    3 北京电动车辆协同创新中心,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-05 录用日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-08-30
  • 通讯作者: 赵腾,陈人杰 E-mail:tz270@bit.edu.cn;chenrj@bit.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:第一联系人:

    These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51772030);北京高校卓越青年科学家计划(BJJWZYJH01201910007023)

Voltage-Sensitive Polytriphenylamine-Modified Separator for Over-Charge Protection in Li-S Batteries

Nanxiang Zhang1, Zhuangzhuang Wei1, Tao Feng1, Feng Wu1,2,3, Teng Zhao1,2,*(), Renjie Chen1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1 School of Material Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
    2 Institute of Advanced Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Jinan 250300, China
    3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2021-07-05 Accepted:2021-08-20 Published:2021-08-30
  • Contact: Teng Zhao,Renjie Chen E-mail:tz270@bit.edu.cn;chenrj@bit.edu.cn
  • About author:Email: chenrj@bit.edu.cn (R.C.)
    Email: tz270@bit.edu.cn (T.Z.)
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51772030);the Beijing Outstanding Young Scientists Program, China(BJJWZYJH01201910007023)

摘要:

本文以三苯胺为原料,通过化学氧化法制备了具有电压敏感性的聚三苯胺(PTPAn)并将其成功应用到锂硫电池隔膜上。电导率测试结果表明,PTPAn/聚丙烯(PP)隔膜的离子电导率达1.56 mS·cm-1;循环伏安(CV)测试结果表明,PTPAn/PP隔膜在3.5–4.2 V内具有氧化还原峰。在0.1C倍率下,采用PTPAn/PP隔膜和空白PP隔膜的锂硫电池在经200周循环后,放电比容量分别为424.8和407.2 mAh·g-1,库伦效率分别为99.38%和98.59%,倍率测试表明(0.1C、0.2C、0.5C、1C),采用PTPAn/PP隔膜的锂硫电池在不同倍率下放电比容量均高于采用空白PP隔膜的锂硫电池。与此同时,对采用PTPAn/PP隔膜的锂硫电池进行过充实验,在第4周过充时,充电比容量为843.1 mAh·g-1,放电比容量为839.8 mAh·g-1;第10周过充时,充电比容量为690.2 mAh·g-1,放电比容量为669.2 mAh·g-1。第16周过充时,电池的充电比容量为538.7 mAh·g-1,放电比容量为512.9 mAh·g-1。倍率过充测试表明,经过不同倍率过充实验后,采用PTPAn/PP隔膜的锂硫电池仍能正常工作,在1C倍率下过充,电池电压稳定保持在3.9 V,充电比容量为349.8 mAh·g-1,放电比容量为328.7 mAh·g-1

关键词: 聚三苯胺, 电压敏感, 锂硫电池, 过充保护, 安全性

Abstract:

In the past decade, lithium-sulfur batteries have attracted increasing attention owing to their high energy density and are considered to be one of the key options for the next generation of commercial high energy density batteries. However, for a practical battery system, both high energy density and good safety are important. The safety shortcomings of lithium-sulfur batteries have hindered their development and commercial application. Overcharging is a common battery safety problem. In the case of lithium-sulfur batteries, overcharging triggers the rapid growth of lithium dendrites, which can break through the separator and cause internal short-circuiting, leading to dangerous accidents such as thermal runaway and explosions. In practice, an electronic control device is typically installed in a battery to monitor its charging voltage and avoid overcharging avoid overcharging. However, this method increases the cost, weight, and size of the battery system, and reduces the energy density. For the self-protection of lithium-sulfur batteries in the case of overcharging, many polymerizable aromatic compounds are used as additives to improve the overcharge tolerance of lithium batteries. When the electrode surface is covered by a polymer film formed by employing electropolymerization, the cell dies permanently; thus the overcharge protection works only once. In contrast, electroactive polymers having reversible electrochemical doping/dedoping properties can be used to inhibit the overcharging of lithium-sulfur batteries is a more attractive approach. In this study, voltage-sensitive polytriphenylamine (PTPAn) was prepared by the chemical oxidation of triphenylamine as a raw material and successfully applied to lithium-sulfur battery separator. The conductivity test results showed that the PTPAn/polypropylene (PP) separator has an ionic conductivity of 1.56 mS·cm-1. The cyclic voltammogram (CV) test results showed that the PTPAn/PP separator has a redox peak in the range of 3.5?.2 V. At a charge/discharge rate of 0.1C, the lithium-sulfur batteries with the PTPAn/PP separator and blank PP separator had a discharge specific capacity of 424.8 and 407.2 mAh·g-1, respectively after 200 cycles, with Coulombic efficiencies of 99.38% and 98.59%, respectively. Further, the rate (0.1C, 0.2C, 0.5C, 1C) tests showed that the lithium-sulfur batteries with PTPAn/PP separator had higher discharge specific capacities at different rates than the lithium-sulfur batteries with the blank PP separator. Moreover, when the lithium-sulfur battery with the PTPAn/PP separator was overcharged at the 4th cycle, the charge specific capacity was 843.1 mAh·g-1 and the discharge specific capacity was 839.8 mAh·g-1. The charging specific capacity was 690.2 mAh·g-1 and the discharging specific capacity was 669.2 mAh·g-1 at the 10th cycle of overcharging. At the 16th cycle of overcharging, the battery had a charge specific capacity of 538.7 mAh·g-1 and a discharge specific capacity of 512.9 mAh·g-1. The overcharge test showed that lithium-sulfur batteries with the PTPAn/PP separator continued to work well after different overcharge rates. At an overcharging rate of 1C, the battery voltage remained stable at 3.9 V, with a charge specific capacity of 349.8 mAh·g-1 and a discharge specific capacity of 328.7 mAh·g-1.

Key words: Polytriphenylamine, Voltage-sensitive, Lithium-sulphur battery, Overcharge protection, Safety

MSC2000: 

  • O646