Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2006, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (08): 993-998.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(06)60044-2

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Characterization of TiO2–ZrO2and Isopropanol Catalysis Conversion

HAN Cheng-Hui;LIU Bing-Hua;ZHANG Hui-Liang;SHEN Jian-Yi   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China;Jiangsu Radio&Television University, Nanjing 210036, P. R. China
  • Received:2006-01-25 Revised:2006-04-07 Published:2006-08-04
  • Contact: SHEN Jian-Yi

Abstract: A series of TiO2-ZrO2 composite oxides were prepared by a coprecipitation method. They were characterized by N2 adsorption, XRD, TEM, microcalorimetric adsorption of NH3 and CO2, infrared spectra of ammonia adsorption. In comparison with single metal oxide, amorphous composite oxides could be observed with mesoporous structure and higher BET surface area(SBET=218 m2·g-1). Although the initial adsorption heat for all these samples did not vary significantly, composite oxides possessed more Bronsted acid sites than single oxide. With an increase in the incorporated amount of titania, the number of basic sites on the surface of composite oxides was decreased. In the absence of O2, the values of selectivity for propene exceeded 90% for all these catalysts via isopropanol catalytic conversion, revealing that each of the samples had a strong surface acidity. However, in the presence of O2, 70%~85% selectivity for acetone was obtained for TiO2 and ZrO2, suggesting that redox properties were predominant over acidity. Due to the formation of composite oxide, selectivity for propene increased to about 70%, whereas selectivity for acetone decreased to about 30%, indicating that the acidity was enhanced and the redox property was weakened.

Key words: TiO2-ZrO2, Isopropanol catalysis, Surface acidity/basicity, Redox property