Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2008, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (07): 1155-1159.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(08)60051-0

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Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Thermal Analysis of (TAGH)2(TNR)

LIU Zhen-Hua; AO Guo-Jun; ZHANG Tong-Lai; YANG Li; ZHANG Jian-Guo; ZANG Yan   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-03-03 Revised:2008-04-07 Published:2008-07-04
  • Contact: ZHANG Tong-Lai

Abstract: A new energetic compound (TAGH)2(TNR) (TAG: triaminoguanidine, TNR: 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinol) was prepared by reacting triaminoguanidine with 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinol (styphnic acid) in aqueous solution under nitrogen atmosphere, and characterized by elemental analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra. Its crystal structure was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The crystal belonged to a monoclinic, C2/c space group. The unit cell parameters were as follows: a=2.2892(6) nm, b=1.2802(3) nm, c=1.3661(4) nm, β=111.174(5)°, V=3.7333(16) nm3, and Z=8. The compound consisted of two cations C(N2H3)+3 and an anion (C6HN3O8)2-. The C(N2H3)+3 and (C6HN3O8)2- were bonded together by electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonds, and this effect made the compound more stable. The thermal analysis of the compound was studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry-derivative thermogravimetry (TG-DTG). Under nitrogen atmosphere with a heating rate of 10 K·min-1, the thermal decomposition of the compound contained only one intense exothermic decomposition process in the range of 450.1-477.7 K in the DSC curve, and the decomposition products were nearly gaseous products.

Key words: Triaminoguanidine, 2,4,6-Trinitroresorcinol, Crystal structure, Thermal analysis


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