Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1991, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (01): 117-120.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19910121

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SAXS Studies of the Structure of Liquid Crystal 5%H2O-PC in Solutions of NaCl、KCl、Na2CO3、K2CO3

Yao Song-Nian; Cao Lian-Xin   

  1. The Center of Analysis and Test, Wuhan University
  • Received:1989-08-16 Revised:1990-06-11 Published:1991-02-15
  • Contact: Yao Song-Nian

Abstract: This paper describs the structural character of liquid-crystal of 5%H_2O-egg yolk phospholipid (PC) containing in avarious salt's solution, the layer distance was determined by means of SAXS method. Experimental results show that the layer distance of liquid crystal phase is increased in the 5%H_2O-PC system as the amount of solution of NaCl or KCl is increased. But on the addition of Na_2CO_3 or K_2CO_3 solution into the 5%H_2O-PC system the layer distance of liquid-crystal phase is held constant. It is considered that Na_2CO_3 or K_2CO_3, might be hydrolyzed producing OH~- ions, so that the latter could stablize the interfacial potential between water and egg yolk phospholipid. Absence of this behavior for solution of NaCl or KCl might be due to NaCl and KCl are salts which formed by strong acids and strong bases.

Key words: Egg yolk phospholipid, Structure of liquid-crystal, Small angle X-ray scattering