Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1993, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (04): 569-574.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19930428

• Note • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Effects of Complex Formation on the Deactivation of Electronically Excited Uranyl Ions

Wang Zhi-Lin; Yang Ming; Zheng Qi-Ke   

  1. Laser Chemistry Laboratory, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:1991-12-17 Revised:1992-11-20 Published:1993-08-15
  • Contact: Wang Zhi-Lin

Abstract: The dependence of the luminescence decay of electronically excited uranyl ions on the concentrations of uranium and sulphate in aqueous solution has been investigated with a pulsed nitrogen laser as a light source and a programmable transient recorder for lifetime measurements. Single exponential decay of the Luminescence is observed. The deactivation process of the excited uranyl ions should include radiative, nonradiative, water quenching and uranium self quenching and the measured lumine-scenec lifetime inidcates the result of all these processes. The Luminescence lifetime of uranyl ions increases with increasing concentration of sulphate and becomes constant when the equilibrium concentration of sulphate reaches 3.0 mol·L~(-1). The dependence of the Luminesence lifetime is similar to that of the UO_2(SO_4)_3~(4-) formation. This phenomenon can be interpreted in terms of the fact that in aqueous solution uranyl ions exist as aquo-uranyl ions. As the concentration of sulphte increaes the water molecule of hydrated uranyl ions will be replaced by sulphate ions via complex formation, and the quenching of excited uranyl ions by water is reduced. The self quenccing and the water quenching rate constants of UO_2(H_2O)_6~(2+) and UO_2(SO_4)_3~(4-) are estimated. Based on the experimental results a model for the deactivation mechanism of excited uranyl ions in sulphate solution is proposed.

Key words: Excited Uranyl ion, Lumincence dacay of Uranium(VI), Luminescence lifetime