Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1994, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (11): 971-977.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19941103

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Synergetic Effect between NaCl and B2O3 in Modified FeOχ Catalysts

Xiong Guo-Xing, Xia Xin-Rui, Chen Heng-Rong, Guo Xie-Xian   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis,Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics,Chinese Academy of Science,Dalian 116023
  • Received:1993-08-30 Revised:1994-02-28 Published:1994-11-15
  • Contact: Xiong Guo-Xing

Abstract:

A series of NaCl/B2O3/Fe2O3 catalysts having a B/Fe atomic ratio from 0 to 0.3 and 0.25 of Na/Fe atomic ratio were prepared for the oxidative coupling of methane (OCM). It was noted that NaCl and B2O3 show a synergetic effect: NaCl/Fe2O3 produces mainly CO2, but B2O3/ Fe2O3 and B2O3/NaCl have poor activity. NaCl/B2O3/Fe2O3 catalyst has however high activity and selectivity. When the addition of B2O3 approaches 15 (at)%, the C2 yield and selectivity reach their maxima, 17% and 75% respectively. The C2H4/C2 ratio is as high as 76%. XRD, XPS, H2-TPR, O2-TPD and In-situ Mossbauer were employed to investigate the properties of the catalysts. Results show there is a synergetic effect between NaCl and B2O3 on FeOx surface. B2O3 modifies the redox ability of Fe2O3. The NaCl modified B2O3/FeOx has high reduction and lattice oxygen evaporation rates at 750℃. The high activity and selectivity of the NaCl/B2O3/FeOx catalyst are closely related with this synergetic effect.

Key words: NaCl/B2O3/Fex catalysts, Synergetic effect, Oxidative coupling of methane, XPS, H2-TPR and O2TPD