Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1995, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (06): 526-531.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19950610

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Photosensitization of the LB Films of Fluorescein Derivatives on n-TiO2 Film Electrode

Yuan Feng,Li Tian-Kai,Shen Tao,Xu Hui-Jun   

  1. Institute of Photographic Chemistry,Academia Sinica,Beijing 100101
  • Received:1994-04-25 Revised:1994-11-14 Published:1995-06-15
  • Contact: Li Tian-Kai


The photoelectrochemical semiconductive films of the n-type TiO2 prepared from tetrabutyl titanate through sol-gel method by dip-coating technique has been investigated. In order to sensitize this kind of uniform transparent TiO2 films, dye modification is one of the effective ways. Three kinds of fluorescein surfactant derivatives containing long hydrocarbon chains were synthesized and could form good quality LB films. The behavior of the monolayer of fluorescein derivatives on subphase, their periodic structure, the absorption spectra and chemically modified electrode of the LB films have been investigated. It was found that the monolayer on air-water interface was stable, and its collapse pressure was up to 50mN•m-1, and the average area occupied by each fluorescein derivative molecules in the monolayer is in good agreement with the theoretical calculation. The monolayer thickness was measured to be 21-24Å by the X-ray diffraction technique. By the absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra, it was proved that the LB films of fluorescein surfactant derivatives were successfully transferred onto the TiO2 film electrode which was prepared with SnO2-coated glass plate by sol-gel method, and were in direct contact with the semiconductor. The photocurrents and quantum yields of both the TiO2 film electrode modified with fluorescein adsorbate and the LB films are greater than that of the bare one around the maximum absorption of dyes(400-500nm). This photosensitization can be explained by a energy model for the electron injjection.

Key words: Fluorescein derivative LB film, TiO2 film electrode, Photosensitization