Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1995, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (11): 979-984.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19951105

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The Effect of the Preparation Methods on the Structure of WO3/ZrO2

Zhao Bi-Ying,Xu Xian-Ping,Gao Jin-Ming,Ma Hua-Rong,Tang You-Qi   

  1. Institute of Physical Chemistry,Peking University,Beijing 100871
  • Received:1994-12-16 Revised:1995-03-14 Published:1995-11-15
  • Contact: Zhao Bi-Ying

Abstract:

 WO3/ZrO2 catalysts prepared from Zr(OH)4 and crystallized ZrO2 have been characterized by means of XRD, LRS (qualitative and quantitative), and the specific sufrace area has been measured. The influence of the preparation method, the contents of WO3 in the samples and the calcination tempearture on the specific surface areas of the samples, the phase of support and the structural states of active component has been studied. The results show: (1) WO3 can disperse on ZrO2 as a monolayer; (2) WO3 dispersed on Zr(OH)4 as a monolayer retards the crystalline growth of the support on calcination, makes it crystallizing into a metastable tetragonal modification, and prevents the inter- crystalline sintering between the crystallites of ZrO2. These factors would result in an increase in the specific surface area of WO3/ZrO2 prepared from Zr(OH)4. As the content of WO3 in the sample comes up to its monolayer capacity, this effect is displayed most fully. A chemical reaction can occur between WO3 and Zr(OH)4 (or the tetragonal ZrO2) at a high temperature(800℃),producing some superacid sites on the surface. By these views, the main experimental facts published in the literatures can been interpreted satisfactotily.

Key words: Superacid, WO3/ZrO2, Raman spectroscopy, Monolayer dispersion, Quantitative LRS