Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2002, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (01): 14-20.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20020104

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Aging Performances of Ti Based IrO2+Ta2O5 Anodes in Sulfuric Acid During Electrolysis

Hu Ji-Ming;Meng Hui-Min;Zhang Jian-Qing;Cao Chu-Nan   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310027;Corrosion and Protection Center,University of Science and Technology Beijing,Beijing 100083;State Key Laboratory For Corrosion and Protection,Institute of Metal Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shenyang 110016
  • Received:2001-06-29 Revised:2001-08-27 Published:2002-01-15
  • Contact: Cao Chu-Nan

Abstract: Physicochemical and electrochemical performances of long service life Ti/70%IrO230%Ta2O5 (mole fraction) anodes prepared at 450 ℃ have been investigated over the whole electrolysis time in H2SO4 solution .The results showed that the whole electrolysis process of this anode could be divided into three stages consisting of ‘active',‘stable' and ‘deactive' ones.In the first two stages,the dissolution of coated oxides was dominated (with preferential loss of IrO2 component).It was found that,in these two stages,the preferential orientations of (110) and (101) planes in IrO2 rutile decreased with the electrolysis time,and that of (002) plane increased,while the preferential orientations remained to be stabilized in the ‘deactive' region.This indicated that the loss mechanism of the catalyst coatings was changed.Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements showed a slight increase in oxygen evolution reaction resistance of the oxide catalysts while a sharp rise in totally physical impedance of the whole anode in the ‘deactive' region.Xray diffraction analysis (XRD) showed that the intensity of TiO2 rutile reflections increased with the electrolysis time,with a sharp increasing in ‘deactive' region.According to the experimental results the degradation mechanism for long service life Ti based coating anodes has been proposed.

Key words: Degradation mechanism, Titanium anodes, IrO2, Ta2O5