Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2009, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (01): 79-85.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20090114

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Simultaneous Catalytic Removal of NOx and Diesel Soot over Cu-Containing Hydrotalcite Derived Catalysts

WANG Zhong-Peng; CHEN Ming-Xia; SHANGGUAN Wen-Feng   

  1. Research Center for Combustion and Environmental Technology, School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-07-14 Revised:2008-10-07 Published:2008-12-31
  • Contact: SHANGGUAN Wen-Feng

Abstract: Copper-containing mixed oxides (CuAlO) were derived from hydrotalcites and prepared by co-precipitation and thermal evolution methods. The catalytic activity of the CuAlO was investigated for the simultaneous catalytic removal of NOx and diesel soot particulates by a temperature-programmed reaction (TPR) technique in a fixed-bed flow reactor. CuAlO showed good activity for the NOx-soot removal reaction under both tight and loose contact conditions. When the contact conditions between catalyst and soot changed from tight to loose, the ignition temperature (Ti) increased from 260 ℃ to 314 ℃ while the maximum conversion of NO to N2 (XN2-max) decreased from 40.4%to 29.2%. Soot content had no effect on the ignition temperature and all the Ti values were about 260 ℃ for different soot content. With an increase in NO concentration or O2 concentration the Ti value decreased. XN2-max values were about 40% when the O2 concentration changed from 2.5% to 7.5%. The total flow rate had no effect on the Ti values, while the XN2-max decreased from40.4%to 21.6%when the total flowrate increased from20 to 80 mL·min-1. Catalytic activity decreased when the catalyst was reused and this decrease may be related to an intermediate absorbed on the catalyst surface.

Key words: Hydrotalcite, Mixed oxide, Soot, NOx, Catalytic removal


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