Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2010, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (07): 1784-1794.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100713

• STRUCTURE CHEMISTRY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Design of Organic/Polymeric π-Semiconductors: the Four-Element Principle

XIE Ling-Hai, CHANG Yong-Zheng, GU Ju-Fen, SUN Rui-Juan, LI Jie-Wei, ZHAO Xiang-Hua, HUANG Wei   

  1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics& Information Displays, Institute of Advanced Materials, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunication, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-02-01 Revised:2010-04-06 Published:2010-07-02
  • Contact: XIE Ling-Hai E-mail:iamwhuang@njupt.edu.cn

Abstract:

Organic semiconductors are charge carrier-transporting molecular solids with π-orbital channels. Organic semiconductors are π-systems that can be created via the molecular engineering of π-orbitals. In this review, we present a pattern in physical organic chemistry by summarizing four fundamental elements of organic/polymeric π-semiconductors according to our previous work. These include electronic structure, steric hindrance, conformation and topology, and supramolecular interactions. Advances in the field of organic/polymeric π-semiconductors with respect to these four elements are highlighted to demonstrate the impact on device functionality and performance. We also provide an outlook of the four-element principle as a basic thinking pattern in scientific research.

Key words: Organic semiconductor, Conjugated polymer, π-System, Electronic structure, Steric hindrance, Conformation and topology, Supramolecular interaction, Four-element design

MSC2000: 

  • O649