Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2011, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (05): 1005-1016.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110345

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review of Sulfur-Based Cathodes for High Performance Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

YAO Zhen-Dong, WEI Wei, WANG Jiu-Lin, YANG Jun, NULI Yan-Na   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-11-05 Revised:2010-12-07 Published:2011-04-28
  • Contact: WANG Jiu-Lin E-mail:wangjiulin@sjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50902095), Shanghai Rising-Star Program, China (07QA14034) and National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2007CB209700).

Abstract:

The preparation, characteristics and electrochemical performances of the sulfur-based cathode materials in lithium/sulfur batteries are reviewed in this paper. The elemental sulfur cathode material is briefly introduced. The structural designs, preparation processes, reaction mechanisms, and charge/discharge properties of organic sulfide, sulfur-porous carbon and sulfur-polymer composites as cathode materials are systematically discussed and problems associated with these materials are also analyzed. In addition, the research and application of lithium sulfides as cathode materials are also outlined. Finally, the further development of sulfur-based cathode materials and the commercialization of lithium/sulfur batteries are discussed.

Key words: Lithium-sulfur rechargeable battery, Cathode, Sulfur-based composite material, Cycle performance

MSC2000: 

  • O646