Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2011, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (05): 1017-1025.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110514

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Titanium Oxide Nanotubes Prepared by Anodic Oxidation and Their Application in Solar Cells

LI Huan-Huan1, CHEN Run-Feng1,2, MA Cong1, ZHANG Sheng-Lan1, AN Zhong-Fu1, HUANG Wei1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Advanced Materials, Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China;
    2. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics & Information Displays KLOEID, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-10-22 Revised:2011-01-30 Published:2011-04-28
  • Contact: CHEN Run-Feng, HUANG Wei;
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20804020), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu College Council, China (08KJB150012), and National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2009CB930601).


We review the history, fabrication procedures, and mechanisms of TiO2 nanotubes prepared by the anodic oxidation of titanium. The influence of various preparation factors, such as electrolytes, pH value, voltage, bath temperature, and post treatment, on the structure and morphology of the TiO2 nanotubes are discussed. This review also summarizes the application of TiO2 nanotubes to dye-sensitized solar cells, quantum dot solar cells, and bulk heterojunction solar cells. A perspective on the future development of TiO2 nanotubes and their applications is tentatively discussed.

Key words: Titanium oxide nanotube, Anodic oxidation, Solar cells


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