Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2012, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (04): 897-902.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201202091

• SOFT MATTER • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Characterization of Chitosan Polymeric Ethosomes Capable of Encapsulating Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Drugs Prepared by a Microemulsion Method

LIANG Xiao-Fei1, HU Jing-Ying2, CHEN Fu-Hua2, LI Zong-Hai1, CHANG Jin3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200032, P. R. China;
    2. Public laboratory platform, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200032, P. R. China;
    3. Institute of Nanobiotechnology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Composites and Functional Materials, Tianjin 300072, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-10-20 Revised:2012-01-16 Published:2012-03-21
  • Contact: LIANG Xiao-Fei, LI Zong-Hai, CHANG Jin E-mail:xfliang@shsci.org; zonghaili@gmail.com; jinchang@tju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51003059) and Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, China (10ZR1428900).

Abstract: Polymeric ethosomes, formed from amphiphilic octadecyl quaternized carboxymethyl chitosan (OQCMC) with different degrees of quaternary substitution (DS), were prepared by the microemulsion (ME) method. These ethosomes could simultaneously encapsulate both the hydrophobic drug indomethacin (IMC) and the hydrophilic drug vincristine (VCR). The effects of the DS of the OQCMC and primary alcohols as cosurfactants on the phase diagram were elucidated. The prepared nanoparticles (NPs) were small ((52.40 ± 0.55) nm) and suitable as drug carriers for different drugs. The maximum drug loading efficiencies of VCR-loaded and IMC-loaded NPs were 22.7% and 20.1%, respectively. The drug loading capacities for co-delivery of VCR and IMC were 12.2% and 10.0% , respectively. OQCMC polymeric ethosomes were stable in aqueous solution and exhibited slow, steady drug release. Hydrophilic fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and hydrophobic Nile Red were encapsulated by the OQCMC ME NPs and simultaneously delivered into HO8901 cells with green and red fluorescence, respectively. This co-delivery system may allow for temporally distinct classes of drugs for cancer therapy.

Key words: Chitosan, Surfactant, Nanoparticle, Drug delivery, Microemulsion, Ethosome

MSC2000: 

  • O648