Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2012, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (04): 877-884.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201202141

• ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Numerical Simulation Based Accurate Models of Improved Chronoamperometry and Its Experimental Validation

CHEN Xu-Hai1,2, LIU Shao-Li2,3, CHEN Jing-Hua4, DU Min2, LIN Xin-Hua4   

  1. 1. College of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350000, P. R. China;
    2. Fujian Key Laboratory of Medical Instrumentation & Pharmaceutical Technology, Fuzhou 350000, P. R. China;
    3. College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350000, P. R. China;
    4. Faculty of Pharmacy, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350000, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-12-07 Revised:2012-01-12 Published:2012-03-21
  • Contact: DU Min E-mail:fjkeylab@163.com; xhl1963@sina.com
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863) (2008AA02Z433), National Natural Science Foundation of China (21105012), Science and Technology Project of Fujian Province, China (2010I0017), Excellent Research Talents Training Project of Higher Education of Fujian Province, China (JA11105), and Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province, China (2011J01028).

Abstract: Based on the empirical formula for concentration change of a detected molecule on the surface of a electrode, an approximate mathematical model of improved chronoamperometry was established. The relationship between the working current and detection reagent concentration was analyzed qualitatively. Parameters for the electrode reaction and excitation potential were not included. To solve this problem, the Nernst equation and Fick's law were applied to construct an integral equation for the specific concentrations of the oxidant and reductant on the surface of the electrode. The current-time curve obtained numerically was used to investigate the relationship between the peak current and concentration of reagent, inertia time constant, standard potential of the reference electrode, initial value and steady state value of the voltage excitation. Using the improved chronoamperometry device, we studied the electrochemical behavior of K3[Fe(CN)6]. The experimental results showed that the simulation results from the numerical model were much closer to the actual situation than the empirical model. The experimental results also confirmed the parameter relationships that were derived using the model.

Key words: Improved chronoamperometry, Accurate model, Numerical analysis, Nernst equation, Fick’s law

MSC2000: 

  • O646