Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2013, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (08): 1827-1836.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201306091

• PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS • Previous Articles    

Preparation of Electrospun In2O3/CdO Composite and Its Formaldehyde-Sensing Properties

CHEN Peng-Peng1, WANG Jing1, ZHANG Chun-Li1, HAO Yu-Wen1, DU Hai-Ying1,2   

  1. 1 School of Electronic Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, P. R. China;
    2 Department of Electromechanical Engineering & Information, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian 116600, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-03-26 Revised:2013-06-08 Published:2013-07-09
  • Contact: WANG Jing E-mail:wangjing@dlut.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61176068, 61131004, 61001054).

Abstract:

In(NO3)3/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) nanofiber precursors were synthesized using a traditional electrospinning method, and were then annealed at 500, 600, and 700℃ to form In2O3 nanofibers. The as-prepared In2O3 nanofibers were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The results show that the In2O3 nanofibers crystallize well, with a small average grain size (about 24 nm) and a good mesoporous structure, when annealed at 500℃. The In2O3 nanofibers annealed at the three temperatures were further used to fabricate gas sensors. The test results show that the sensor based on In2O3 annealed at 500℃ has the highest response (about 7) to 10×10-6 (volume fraction, φ) formaldehyde (HCHO) at an operating temperature of 240℃. CdO nanoparticles were also prepared using the same method; XRD and FE-SEM show that the average grain size of CdO is about 68 nm. Finally, the as-prepared In2O3 nanofibers were mixed with the as-prepared CdO in molar ratios of 1:1, 10:1, and 20:1, and the mixtures were used to fabricate gas sensors. The HCHO-sensing properties of the sensors based on pure In2O3 and In2O3/CdO composites with different molar ratios were investigated at each optimum temperature. The results show that the In2O3/CdO composite with a molar ratio of 10:1 has excellent sensing properties: the response to 10×10-6 HCHO is 13.6, the response/recovery time is 140 s/32 s, and the selectivity is better at a lower operating temperature of 200 °C. In addition, the HCHO-sensing mechanism of the sensors based on the In2O3/CdO composites was briefly analyzed.

Key words: In2O3, CdO, Composite, Formaldehyde, Gas-sensitivity

MSC2000: 

  • O649