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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2014,Vol.30>> Issue(1)>> 67-74     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201311143         中文摘要
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY
Effect of Alkali Concentration, Oxygen Partial Pressure and Temperature on Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Pt Electrode in NaOH Solution
PENG Zhong1,2,3, YAN Wen-Yi2, WANG Shao-Na2, ZHENG Shi-Li2, DU Hao2, ZHANG Yi2
1 School of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, P. R. China;
2 National Engineering Laboratory for Hydrometallurgical Cleaner Production Technology, Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China;
3 National Engineering Research Center of Distillation Technology, Tianjin 300072, P. R. China
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In this study, the influences of alkali concentration, oxygen partial pressure, and temperature on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were examined in detail, using a specially designed electrochemical cell, by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) in NaOH solutions. It was found that the ORR pathway is dependent on the solution alkalinity, and is transformed from a two-electron reduction by forming HO2- in dilute solutions to a one-electron reduction by forming stable O2- in concentrated solutions. The process was significantly suppressed by decreases in the oxygen solubility and increases in the media viscosity. The oxygen pressure had a significant influence on the ORR, substantially promoting the ORR in alkaline solutions as a result of the greatly increased solubility of oxygen in the solutions. We obtained the Henry's constants of oxygen in NaOH solutions with different concentrations. The temperature had a clear dual effect on the ORR, as shown by the existence of an optimal temperature for the ORR in a given alkaline solution. These observations are discussed in terms of the oxygen reaction activity, oxygen solubility, and diffusion coefficient.



Keywords: Cyclic voltammetry   Linear sweep voltammetry   Oxygen reduction reaction   Henry’s constant   Reactivity   Solubility   Diffusion coefficient  
Received: 2013-09-24 Accepted: 2013-11-13 Publication Date (Web): 2013-11-14
Corresponding Authors: DU Hao Email: hdu@home.ipe.ac.cn

Fund: The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2013CB632601) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51274178, 51274179, 51090382).

Cite this article: PENG Zhong, YAN Wen-Yi, WANG Shao-Na, ZHENG Shi-Li, DU Hao, ZHANG Yi. Effect of Alkali Concentration, Oxygen Partial Pressure and Temperature on Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Pt Electrode in NaOH Solution[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2014,30 (1): 67-74.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201311143

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75. Chu Dao-Bao;Wang Feng-Wu;Wei Yi-Jun;Yao Wen-Li;Li Xiao-Hua.Electrocatalytic Activities and Preparation of Nanocrystalline TiO2 -Pt Modified Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2004,20(02): 182-185
76. Fu Chong-Gang;Su Chang-Hua;Shan Rui-Feng.Electrochemical Properties of L-cysteine Self-assembled Membrane Modified Gold Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2004,20(02): 207-210
77. Zhong Qi-Ling;Zhang Xiao-Hong;Su Xiao-Qiong;Zhang Lei;Liu Yue-Long;Ren Bin;Tian Zhong-Qun.The Investigation of Electro-oxidation Behavior and In-situ Surface Enhanced Raman Spectrum of Isosafrole on Rough Pt[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2004,20(01): 94-97
78. Yang Hong-Ping;Wang Xian-You;Wang Xing-Yan;Huang Wei-Guo;Luo Xu-Fang;Zhuo Hai-Tao.Preparation and Performance of Electrode Materials for Super-iron (VI) Battery[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2003,19(12): 1150-1153
79. Ning Bin;Fan Lou-Zhen;Zheng Li-Ping;Cao Yong;Guo Zhi-Xin.Electrochemical Properties of Methanofullerenes[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2003,19(10): 917-921
80. Zhang Wen-Kui;Yang Xiao-Guang;Wang Yun-Gang;Yu Li-Yang;Ma Chun-An.Electrochemical Behaviors of Pd/Mm Rare Earth Film Electrodes in KOH Solution[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2003,19(06): 569-572
81. Xu Jian-Xin;Liu Tian-Qing;Guo Rong.Determination of the Diffusion Coefficients of SDS Molecules in SDS/n-C5H11OH/H2O Lyotropic Liquid Crystal[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2003,19(04): 364-367
82. Song Ji-Guo;Song Hua-Can;Yang Qi-Qin;Xu Zun-Le.Electoreduction of Cu(II) in Cu (p-CH3C6H4SO3)2+DMSO[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2003,19(03): 283-285
83. Cui Xiao-Li;Jiang Zhi-Yu.Electrochemical Behavior of ITO/TiO2 Electrode under UV Illumination[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(11): 1014-1017
84. Mi Chang-Huan;Xia Xi;Zhang Xiao-Gang.Redox Behaviours of Mn(Ⅱ)/Mn(Ⅲ) in Sulphuric Acid[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(11): 1038-1042
85. Wang Ning;Ding Ke-Qiang;Tong Ru-Ting;Shao Hui-Bo.The Electrochemical Behavior of Self-assembled Monolayers of Schiff Base[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(09): 846-849
86. Wang Jian-Chao;He Feng-Rong;Liu Guan-Kun;Tong Ye-Xiang.Electrochemical Preparation of Y-Mg-Co Alloy Film from Dimethylformamide Bath[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(08): 732-736
87. Tang Xin-Cun;He Li-Ping;Chen Zong-Zhang;Xia Xi.Determination of the Li+ Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite By the Method of the Ratio of Potentio-charge Capacity to Galvano-charge Capacity[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(08): 705-709
88. Zhao Zhuan-Qing;Yao Su-Wei;Zhang Wei-Guo;Gong Zheng-Lie.Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Performance of Photoelectrode of TiO2 Film on Nickel[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(05): 473-476
89. Kong Jing-Lin;Xue Kuan-Hong;Shao Ying;He Chun-Jian;Chen Qiao-Ling.Measurements for the Kinetic Parameters of Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Ethanol at the Nickel Nanowire Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(03): 268-271
90. Kan Jin-Qing;Li Xiang;Li Yong-Fang.Synthesis and Properties of Poly-2-aminopyridine[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 106-111
91. Zhao Kai-Yuan;Wang Yu-Qing.Performance of the Combined Electrode with Micro Holes Needling through the Insulating Film of Carbon Rod[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 183-187
92. Chen Guo-Liang;Lin Heng;Zheng Xing-Hong;Chen Sheng-Pei;Sun Shi-Gang.Oxidation of n-propyl Alcohol on Pt and Sb,S Modified Pt Electrodes Using CV & EQCM[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(02): 147-151
93. Guo Rong;Ji Yun;Zhang Qi-Qing;Zhang Xiao-Hong.The Effects of Penicillin Potassium Salt on the Characters of CTAB Micelles[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(01): 50-54
94. Fan Yin-Heng;Liao Shi-Jian;Li Wei-Na;Xu Jie;Wang Fu-Dong.Thermal Stability of NanoKH Particles and Their Chemical[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2002,18(01): 55-58
95. Lei Jing-Lei;Li Ling-Jie;Cai Sheng-Min;Zhang Sheng-Tao;Li Di;Yang Mai-Zhi.Effect of Cl- on the Corrosion Behavior of Copper Electrode in Weak-alkaline Medium[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(12): 1107-1111
96. Guo Xia;Liu Yan;Guo Rong.The Location of Phenothiazine in SDS/BA/H2O Microemulsion[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(11): 982-985
97. Yan Wei;Wei Zhi-Xiang;Wang Li-Li;Dai Li-Zong;Tian Zhong-Qun.Electrochemical and insitu Raman Spectroscopic Studies of Poly{(pyrrole-2,5-diyl)[(p-N,N-dimethylamino)benzylidene]}[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(10): 908-912
98. Zhang Fen-Fen;Wu Xia-Qin;Meng Xiao-Yun;Guo Xiao-Ming;Zhang Zong-Rang.Electrochemical Impedance Spectra of Prussian Blue Film Modified Platinum Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(09): 788-791
99. Cao Wei-Liang;Liu Xin;Zhang Jing-Chang.Phase Behavior of Polymer-solvent-supercritical CO2 Ternary System[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(08): 757-760
100. Mao Shi-Zhen;Wang Tian-Zhi;Miao Xi-Jia;Fang Xiao-Wen;Yuan Han-Zhen;Du You-Ru;Zhu Lin-Yong;Li Miao-Zhen;Wang Er-Jian.1H NMR Study of Self-assembly of Dendr.PE-PAA,an Amphiphilic Block Copolymer in Aqueous Solution[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(08): 743-746
101. Li Hong;Chao Hui;Jiang Xiong;Ji Liang-Nian.Comparative Study of the Electrochemical Behavior of the Central Ions of Four Ruthenium (Ⅱ) Complexes[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(08): 728-732
102. Zhang Zhan-Jun;Li Jing-Jian;Wu Xi-Zun;Zhang Wen-Zhi;Cai Sheng-Min.Fast-scan Cyclic Voltammetry Study of Electrooxidation of Adrenaline[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(06): 542-546
103. Dai Guo-Liang;Dong Xiang-Qun;Sun Zhi-Wei;Hu Wen-Rui.Study on Lysozyme Crystal Growth by Vapor Diffusion Approach Using Dynamic Light Scattering Method[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(06): 531-536
104. Tang Zhi-Yuan;Xue Jian-Jun;Liu Chun-Yan;Zhuang Xin-Guo.Determination of the Lithium Ion Diffusion Coefficient in Graphite Anode Material[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(05): 385-388
105. Guo Rong;Zhu Xiao-Jun;Song Gen-Ping.Effect ofβ-CD on the Formation and the Properties of SDS Micelle[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(04): 314-318
106. Zhang Yong-Hong;Mao Xi-An.Chemical Exchange and Selfdiffusion Dynamics of Quercetin in Solutions[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(04): 300-304
107. Liu Bin;Li Ying;Lin Hai-Chao;Cao Chu-Nan.Effect of PVC on the Diffusing Behavior of Water through Alkyd Coatings[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(03): 241-244
108. Li Ya-Hong;Gao Shi-Yang;Song Peng-Sheng;Xia Shu-Ping.Effects of Pitzer Mixing Parameters on the Solubility Prediction of the Phase System HCl-NaCl-H2O[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2001,17(01): 91-94
109. Zou Li-Chun, Wang Xiao-Ling, Zhang Pi-Jian, Wang Feng-Ge, Zhou Bao-Xue, Jiang Hui-Min, Qu Song-Sheng.Standard Gibbs Energies of Transfer of Ammonium Tetraphenylborate from Water to Water-t-butyl Alcohol Mixed Solvents and the Primary Medium Effect[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2000,16(12): 1119-1124
110. Jie Ju, Liu Feng-Ling, Wang Ze-Xin.Structures and lsomerizations of lnorganic Unsaturated Fragments H2PBLi[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2000,16(09): 783-786
111. Zhang Jun-Hua, Wu Yi-Rong, Wang Zheng-Hao, Li Fu-You, Jin Lin-Pei.Electrochemical Properties of 4-[2-4(Dimethylamino)Phenyl] Ethenyl Pyridine N-Oxide[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2000,16(04): 362-365
112. Zhang Li-Zheng, Wei Fang, Zhao Xin-Sheng, Yang Hua-Quan.Cyclic Voltammetry Study of an NAD Analogue Adsorbed on Au Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2000,16(04): 370-373
113. Yi Qing-Feng.Investigation of Anodic Oxidation Mechanism of Na2S Solution on Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2000,16(03): 263-268
114. Zhang Feng-Xing, Yang Qin, Cui Bin, Zhao Xiao-Li, Duan Chao-Yang.Studies on the lsothermal Solubility of the Systems CaSO4-Ca(H2PO4)-CO(NH2)2-H2O and Ca(H2PO4)2-CO(NH2)2-H2O at 25°C[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2000,16(01): 27-30
115. Jiang Wen-Hua, Liu Hua, Han Shi-Jun.The Measurement of Solute Diffusion Coefficient in Polymers at Infinite Dilution[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1999,15(07): 668-672
116. Han Guo-Bin, Wu Jin-Tian, Vignes-Adler M.Dynamic Surface Propertes of Foaming Agent C12E8[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1999,15(04): 327-332
117. Fan Yin-Heng, Liao Shi-Jian, Yu Dao-Rong.Thermal Stability and Chemical Reactivity of Nanometric Sodium Hydride[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1998,14(12): 1057-1060
118. Liu Wen-Jun, Wu Bing-Liang, Cha Quan-Xing, Zhang Hong.Determination of the Surface Diffusion Coefficient of Hydrogen Atom on a Platinum Plane[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1998,14(06): 481-484
119. Tan Jun, Sun Yun, Zhao Xin-Sheng, Zou Yong-De, Lin Wei-Zhu, Gu Lian-Quan, Huang Yan-Yi, Huang Chun-Hui.Electrochemical Behavior of the Benzoquinone Compounds with Long Alkyl Side Chain on LB Film[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1998,14(03): 226-231
120. Wei Xiao-Lan, Zhang Feng-Xing, Guo Zhi-Zhen, Shi Qi-Zhen.Study on the lsothermal Solubility of Quaternary Systems KCl(K2SO4)-MgCl2(MgSO4)-CO(NH2)2-H2O[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1998,14(03): 237-242
121. Zhang Ya-Li, Liu Zai-Wei, Guo Guo-Lin, Gui Lin-Lin.Study on High Activity Platinum Electrode on a New Type Photoelectrochemical Cell[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1998,14(01): 51-56
122. Liu Tian-Qing,Guo Rong,Yu Wei-Li,Shen Ming.Diffusion Coefficient and Structure Properties of SDS/BA/H2O System[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1997,13(05): 401-406
123. Ding Lin,Wang Er-Kang.Investigation on the Voltammetric Behaviors in Planar Bilayer Lipid Membranes[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1997,13(04): 362-365
124. Song Wei,Liang Zhen-Cheng,Qin Yong-Ning.Influence of the Method of Adding Potassium Promoter on Catalyst for Dehydrogenation of Diethylbenzene[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1997,13(01): 79-82
125. Yang Hui,Lu Tian-Hong,Xue Kuan-Hong,Zhou Yi-Ming,Sun Shi-Gang,Chen Sheng-Pei.Cyclic Voltammetry and in-situ FTIR Spectroscopic Studies on Electro-oxidation of Formaldehyde at a Gold Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1996,12(06): 527-531
126. Liu Tian-Qing,Guo Rong,Shen Ming,Yu Wei-Li.Determination of the Diffusion Coefficients of Micelle and the First CMC and Second CMC in SDS and CTAB Solution[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1996,12(04): 337-340
127. Zhou Xi-Huang,Liu Jian-Ben,Jin Zhao-Xia,Gu Zhen-Nan,Wu Yong-Qing,Sun Yi-Liang.Temperature-dependent Solubilities of C60 and C70 in Some Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1996,12(01): 4-6
128. Zou Li-Zhuang,Wang Xiao-Ling,Xu Gui-Duan,Qu Song-Sheng.Standard Transfer Free Energies of KBPh4 from Water to Straight Chain Monohydric Alcohols[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1995,11(04): 369-374
129. Wang Han-Ming, Yu Ze-Mu, Wang Er-Kang.Electrochemical Study of the Transfer of Bis-1:11 Molybdosilicate Heteropolyanion with Dysprosium across the Liquid/Liquid Interface[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1995,11(03): 242-246
130. Lin Hua-Kuan, Zhang Yuan-Ming, Zhu Shou-Rong, Chen Rong-Ti.Cyclic Voltammetric Study of the α-Aminoxime Complexes [M(Ⅱ)(PnAO)-H][J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1994,10(11): 966-970
131. Zhai Run-Sheng, Cai Mao-Sheng, D.M.Kolb.XPS Evidence of Sulfate Anion Adsorption on Emersed Pt(111) in H2SO4 Solution[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1994,10(08): 741-743
132. Li Chun-Guang, Cui Gang.Synthese and Properties of Electrochemical of [CuCl3CPZ(O)H] Complex[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1994,10(08): 755-758
133. Pan Jing-Jun, Han Bu-Xing, Yan Hai-Ke, Li Zhi-Fen, Liu Rui-Lin.Solubilities of Methane in Mixed Solvents of Water and t-butye Alcohol[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1994,10(06): 501-507
134. Li Bing, Wang Qing-Zhong, Li Jun, Fang Chun-Hui, Song Peng-Sheng.A Study on the Ternary Systems Li+, K+(Mg2+)/SO2-4-H2O at 25 ℃[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1994,10(06): 536-542
135. Wang Han-Ming, Wang Er-Kang.Cupric (II)-2,2'-Biquinoline Transfer Across the Liquid/Liquid Interface and Kinetics of Complexation[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1994,10(05): 418-423
136. Guo Chun-Xiao; Jiang Yue-Shun; Zhang Dong.The Electronic Structures of Redox Behavours of Electron Donor-Acceptor Compounds[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1993,9(03): 331-335
137. Zhang Zhong; Yao Yan; Song Peng-Sheng; Chen Jing-Qing.Isopiestic Determination of the Osmotic and Activity Coefficients of Aqueous Mixtures of Li2SO4 and MgSO4[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1993,9(03): 366-373
138. Yang Hua-Quan; Liu Xin; Cai Sheng-Min; Zhou Guo-Ding.A Photoelectrochemical Study of Cyclic Voltammetry of MnO2 Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1991,7(04): 409-412
139. Wang Gang; Tao Zu-Yi.Ion Exchange Kinetics of Regeneration for Weak Basic Anion Exchanger[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1991,7(04): 485-489
140. Xie Yang; Jiang Xiong.Cathodic Reduction of Antimonyl Ions(SbO+)[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1991,7(03): 354-357
141. Chen Yan-Zhen; Li Rong-Fen; Tian Zhao-Wu.The Studies of Poly-Ni(II) Film Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1991,7(02): 158-162
142. Yu Ze-Mu; Zhao Yu-Guang; Wang Er-Kang.Electrochemical Investigation of Liquid/Liquid Systems Using Various Organic Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1991,7(02): 152-157
143. Han Bu-Xing; Yan Hai-Ke; Hu Ri-Heng.Study on Solubilities of Nitrogen in Mixed Solvents of N-Octane and N-Heptane at High Pressures[J]. Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1991,7(01): 121-124
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