Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2014, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 1247-1258.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201405141


Computational Study on the Coordinate Systems of Proline with Cu, Cu+ and Cu2+

JIN Qin, SUN Xiao-Ling, WANG Yan-Ni, WEI Tao, WANG Chao-Jie   

  1. Pharmacy School of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, Zhejiang Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-02-28 Revised:2014-05-13 Published:2014-06-30
  • Contact: WANG Chao-Jie
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21177098) and Foundation of Science and Technology Bureau of Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China (Y20080103).


The geometric and electronic structures, energetics, and vibrational frequencies of different coordinate systems formed between 15 conformers of proline (Pro) and Cu, Cu+, and Cu2+ were investigated in detail, using the M06-2X and ωB97XDmethods with 6-311++G(2d, p) and TZVPbasis sets.Atotal of 20, 16, and 16 stable [Pro-Cu]0/1+/2+ complexes were obtained at four levels. These structures demonstrated that 12 conformers of Pro exist in the [Pro-Cu] and [Pro-Cu]+ systems, while 11 conformers are present in the [Pro-Cu]2+ complexes. The most stable complexes are evidently not formed by the lowest energy conformer of Pro with Cu, Cu+, and Cu2+. In the CI3, CI4, CII7, and CII8 complexes, the carboxyl group hydrogen of Pro was found to transfer to the imino nitrogen to forma zwitterion. Both the relative energy difference and the deformation energy of Pro gradually increase along with the charge number of the Cu. The binding energies of the [Pro-Cu]0/1+/2+ systems were determined to be in the ranges of -60.0 to -5.0, -340.0 to -170.0, and -1100.0 to -860.0 kJ· mol-1, respectively. The stretching vibrational frequencies of the N―H and O―H bonds in Pro all exhibit a general red shift on complexation. Additionally, each systemshows charge transfer fromthe Pro to the Cu, even in the case of [Pro-Cu]2+, some complexes that have more than one negative charge.

Key words: M06-2X, ωB97XD, Proline, Copper atom, Copper ion


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