Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2015, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 595-611.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201502023

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Nonlinear Optical Limiting Properties of Organic Metal Phthalocyanine Compounds

CHEN Jun1,2, WANG Shuang-Qing2, YANG Guo-Qiang2   

  1. 1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou 341000, Jiangxi Province, P. R. China;
    2 Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
  • Received:2014-12-08 Revised:2015-02-02 Published:2015-04-03
  • Contact: WANG Shuang-Qing, YANG Guo-Qiang E-mail:g1704@iccas;
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2011CBA00905) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (21261160488).


With the rapid development of laser technology, laser weapons that can cause increasing amounts of harm to humans are emerging. In recent years, studies on optical limiting (OL) materials have been carried out with great efforts among countries. Phthalocyanine (Pc) compound exhibits characteristics of broad OL threshold, obvious limiting effect, and fast response. Because of these characteristics, Pc is considered as a very promising OLmaterial that is significant in laser protectivematerials' research, which currently focuses on increasing performance and stability. This paper reviews and summarizes the current knowledge of Pc OL materials. First, the mechanism of the OL effect of Pc compounds is introduced, and then followed by a detailed analysis of the factors influencing the OL effect and process, and the influence on the photophysical and OL performance of Pc materials. The analysis highlights problems to be solved and proposes the future direction for Pcmaterials' research.

Key words: Phthalocyanine, Nonlinear effect, Optical limiting mechanism, Optical limiting device


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