Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2016, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 1527-1533.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201603161

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CexNi0.5La0.5-xO Catalysts for Hydrogen Production by Oxidative Steam Reforming of Glycerol: Influence of the Ce-to-La Ratio

Cheng-Xiong DANG,Hao-Bo YANG,Hao YU*(),Hong-Juan WANG,Feng PENG   

  • Received:2016-01-04 Published:2016-06-03
  • Contact: Hao YU E-mail:yuhao@scut.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(20176094);Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of Ministry of Education of China(NCET-12-0190);Pearl River Nova Program of Guangzhou City, China(2011J2200062)

Abstract:

CexNi0.5La0.5-xO (CeNiLaO) catalysts were synthesized using a Ce-La composite oxide as the carrier via co-precipitation. They were applied in the oxidative steamreforming of glycerol (OSRG) in a fixed-bed reactor. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2-temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Xray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results showed that La2O3 improved the dispersion of metallic Ni and suppressed the sintering of metallic Ni particles; the lattice oxygen of CeO2 inhibited and eliminated carbon deposition on the surface of the catalysts; and the substitution of some La3+ for Ce4+ ions induced a distortion of the lattice. The synergy of La2O3 and CeO2 lessened the deactivation caused by the sintering and coke deposition and improved the catalytic performance. Among the catalysts with different molar ratios of Ce to La, Ce0.4Ni0.5La0.1O had the best catalytic activity. The conversion of glycerol remained above 95% after a 210 h stability test, while a gaseous reformate of about 50% hydrogen could be steadily produced.

Key words: CeO2, La2O3, Ni, Stability, Glycerol, Hydrogen production, Steam reforming

MSC2000: 

  • O643