Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2016, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 1950-1959.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201605071

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Effect of Alkyl Imidazole Ionic Liquids CnmimCl (n=4, 6, 8) on CL-20 Recrystallization

Xiao-Di ZHENG,Yan-Li ZHU*(),Rui DONG,Qing-Jie JIAO   

  • Received:2016-01-07 Published:2016-07-29
  • Contact: Yan-Li ZHU
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51304024)


Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) is considered to be a representative high energy density material. It is important to control the microstructure of the crystal during recrystallization to ensure the quality of CL-20. In this study, the effects of different types and concentrations of ionic liquids on CL-20 were investigated by adding them to the solvent or anti-solvent during recrystallization. Three types of ionic liquids acting as a morphology control additive can reduce the crystal size of recrystallized CL-20. Thermal analysis shows that most ionic liquids added to solvents or anti-solvents can increase the transition temperature from the ε crystal to the γ crystal by up to 12.6℃, and the decomposition peak temperature increases so the thermal stability of CL-20 improves. The heat output increases to 1344 J·g-1. When DmimCl is added into the solvent, recrystallized CL-20 has smaller particle size and an octahedral shape without sharp edges or agglomeration. With different concentrations of DmimCl in the solvent, the decomposition peak temperature of recrystallized CL-20 increases more than 6℃and the heat output is more than 1100 J·g-1. Therefore, DmimCl is an ideal morphology control additive.

Key words: CL-20, Ostwald rule, Thermal analysis, Morphology control additive, Recrystallization, Ionic liquid


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