Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2016, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 1866-1879.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201605261

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Recent Progress in Non-Aqueous Lithium-Air Batteries

Ai-Ming WU1,Guo-Feng XIA1,Shui-Yun SHEN1,Jie-Wei YIN1,Ya MAO2,Qing-You BAI2,Jing-Ying XIE2,Jun-Liang ZHANG1,*()   

  1. 1 Institute of Fuel Cells, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China
    2 Shanghai Institute of Space Power-Sources, Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology, Shanghai 200233, P. R. China
  • Received:2016-03-28 Published:2016-07-29
  • Contact: Jun-Liang ZHANG E-mail:junliang.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The project was supported by the New Faculty Startup Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China(14X10040061);National Key Basic Research Program of China (973)(2014CB932303);SJTU-UM Project(15X120010002)

Abstract:

As a secondary battery, the Li-air battery has the highest theoretical specific energy and has been considered as one of the most promising power sources for electric vehicles. The Li-air battery based on organic electrolyte has become a topic of interest owing to its excellent theoretical energy density, environmental friendliness and low cost. During the past 20 years, much progress has been made in the development of the reaction mechanism, cathode structure, catalyst and electrolyte materials. But there are still many obstacles to overcome before its practical applications. In this paper, we review some of the latest progress in the research on the reaction mechanism, cathode materials, catalysts, electrolytes, as well as the lithium anode. Future research and development prospects are also discussed.

Key words: Li-air battery, Reaction mechanism, Cathode material, Lithium anode, Electrolyte

MSC2000: 

  • O646