Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 130-148.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201609012

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research on Carbon-Based Electrode Materials for Supercapacitors

Xue-Qin LI1,2,Lin CHANG2,Shen-Long ZHAO2,Chang-Long HAO2,Chen-Guang LU2,*(),Yi-Hua ZHU1,*(),Zhi-Yong TANG2,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China
    2 CAS Key Laboratory for Nanosystem and Hierarchy Fabrication, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
  • Received:2016-06-13 Published:2016-12-29
  • Contact: Chen-Guang LU,Yi-Hua ZHU,Zhi-Yong TANG E-mail:LUCG@nanoctr.cn.;yhzhu@ecust.edu.cn;zytang@nanoctr.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Key Basic Research Program of China (973)(2014CB931801);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21676093);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21471056);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21473044);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21475029);National Natural Science Foundation of China(91427302);Instrument Developing Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZ201311);CAS-CSIRO Cooperative Research Program(GJHZ1503);"Strategic Priority Research Program" of ChineseAcademy of Sciences(XDA09040100)

Abstract:

As a new type of energy storage device, supercapacitors with high specific capacitance, fast charge and discharge, and long cycle life have attracted significant attention in the energy storage field. Electrode materials are a crucial factor defining the electrochemical performance of supercapacitors. The standard supercapacitor electrode materials used can be classified into three types:carbon-based materials, metal oxides and hydroxide materials, and conductive polymers. This review introduces the principles of supercapacitors and summarizes recent research progress of carbon-based electrode materials, including pure carbon materials, and the binary and ternary complex materials with carbon.

Key words: Supercapacitor, Energy storage mechanism, Carbon material, Electrode material

MSC2000: 

  • O643