Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (12): 2339-2358.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706021

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Advances in High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Shuai LIU,Lu YAO,Qin ZHANG,Lu-Lu LI,Nan-Tao HU,Liang-Ming WEI,Hao WEI*()   

  • Received:2017-04-13 Published:2017-09-05
  • Contact: Hao WEI E-mail:haowei@sjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61376003);the Shanghai Pujiang Program, China(16PJD027);the Medical-Engineering Crossover Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China(YG2015MS23);the Medical-Engineering Crossover Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China(YG2016MS71)

Abstract:

Lithium-sulfur batteries are considered to be rather latest and high-performance storage batteries due to their high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mAh·g-1), high energy density (2600 Wh·kg-1), environmental friendliness, low cost, and safety. These features make them important in the field of mobile electric vehicles and portable devices. However, because of rapid capacity attenuation with poor cycle and rate performances, these batteries are far from ideal for commercial applications. This paper reviews the entire and latest studies in lithium-sulfur batteries. Cathodes, electrolyte, separators, and anodes protection are introduced in detail. The existing lithium-sulfur batteries defects and problems are analyzed. Finally, we provide some insights into the future direction and prospects of lithium batteries.

Key words: Lithium-sulfur battery, Cathode, Anode protection, Separator, Application

MSC2000: 

  • O649