Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (12): 2388-2403.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201706131

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Recent Progress on Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide

Xiao-Fang BAI1,2,Wei CHEN2,*(),Bai-Yin WANG1,2,Guang-Hui FENG1,2,Wei WEI2,Zheng JIAO1,Yu-Han SUN2,*()   

  1. 1 Shool of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, P. R. China
    2 CAS Key Laboratory of Low-carbon Conversion Science and Engineering, Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, P. R. China
  • Received:2017-04-10 Published:2017-09-05
  • Contact: Wei CHEN,Yu-Han SUN E-mail:chenw@sari.ac.cn;sunyh@sari.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    the Ministry of Science and Technology, China(2016YFA0202800);the Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Abstract:

Conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to value-added chemicals and fuels driven by low-grade renewable electricity is of significant interest since it serves the dual purpose of reducing atmospheric content of CO2 by utilizing it as a feedstock and storing it in the form of high-energy-density fuels. In this regard, there are an increasing number of interesting developments taking place in the popular research focus area of electrochemical reduction of CO2. This review first introduces the general principles of CO2 electroreduction. Next, the latest progress relating to electrocatalytic materials and experimental and theoretical studies of the reaction mechanism has been discussed. Finally, the challenges and prospects for further development of CO2 electroreduction have been presented.

Key words: Carbon dioxide, Renewable energy, Electrochemical reduction, Electrocatalyst, Reaction mechanism

MSC2000: 

  • O646