Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1061-1073.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201801311

Special Issue: 石墨炔

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Modulation of Molecular Sensing Properties of Graphdiyne Based on 3d Impurities

Xi CHEN1,Shengli ZHANG2,3,*()   

  1. 1 Department of Applied Physics, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071, P.R.China
    2 Department of Applied Physics, School of Science, Xi'An Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P.R.China
    3 MOE Key Laboratory for Non-equilibrium Synthesis and Modulation of Condensed Matter, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P.R.China
  • Received:2017-12-07 Published:2018-04-09
  • Contact: Shengli ZHANG E-mail:zhangsl@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(11774280)

Abstract:

In recent years, the successful preparation of single-layer graphene, MoS2, and other two-dimensional materials has started a new era of two-dimensional materials.The potential applications of two-dimensional materials in emerging electronics have drawn widespread attention.Two-dimensional carbon materials, with their unique properties, have become the research hotspot of condensed matter physics, nanoelectronics, and biological medicine.The remarkable success in preparing graphene provides additional possibilities for developing sensitive biodevices and medicine systems.However, graphene is gapless and thus is unsuitable for building nanoelectronic devices or biosensors due to the too low on/off current ratio.More than 20 years ago, graphyne and its family (viz.graphdiyne, graphyne-3, etc.), as hypothetical C allotropes, were theoretically predicted to be semiconductors with a layered structure.Recently, graphdiyne was successfully synthesized on the surface of copper via a cross-coupling reaction using hexaethynylbenzene.Graphdiyne, as a new two-dimensional carbon material with semiconductor properties and a unique porous structure, is more advantageous than graphene for nanoelectronic and biosensing applications.As the first discovered semiconducting two-dimensional carbon material, with independent intellectual property rights in China, graphdiyne has great research significance.Compared with graphene, graphdiyne has a unique structure with larger pores composed of high π-conjugated acetylenic bonds, which may facilitate strong adsorption to biomolecules.Therefore, further research is needed to reveal how the physical properties of graphdiyne can be modulated effectively to meet the requirements of practical applications.The interaction between biological molecules and materials is an important subject of research in condensed matter physics and materials science.Detailed understanding of the interactions between graphdiyne and small molecules may facilitate the development of advanced biological applications such as biosensors for the detection of biomolecules and living cells, drug delivery systems, and cell imaging technologies.In sensitive analysis, the ultimate goal is to achieve reliable detection of trace amounts of molecules.In this work, first-principles calculations were employed to investigate the electronic structure of graphdiyne nanoribbons and the adsorption of graphdiyne to small molecules.To improve the chemical response of graphdiyne to single molecules, we considered modifying graphdiyne by doping 3d transition metal atoms.We chose Sc and Ti, which have the largest adsorption energies on graphdiyne, and studied the room-temperature stabilities of Sc-and Ti-doped graphdiyne and the possibility of using Sc-and Ti-doped graphdiyne as materials for molecular sensing.Finally, we investigated the interaction between graphdiyne and amino acid molecules and discovered that the dispersion force plays a large role in the interaction.The influence of amino acids on the electronic transport properties of graphdiyne was also studied, and the potential applications of graphdiyne to biosensors were investigated.

Key words: Graphdiyne, Two-dimensional material, Electronic transport, Nanodevice

MSC2000: 

  • O649