Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 2008030.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202008030

Special Issue: Design and Fabrication of Advanced Photocatalyst

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

High Efficiency Electron Transfer Realized over NiS2/MoSe2 S-Scheme Heterojunction in Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

Yang Liu1, Xuqiang Hao1,*(), Haiqiang Hu2, Zhiliang Jin1,*()   

  1. 1 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ningxia Key Laboratory of Solar Chemical Conversion Technology, Key Laboratory for Chemical Engineering and Technology, State Ethnic Affairs Commission, North Minzu University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    2 College of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Yinchuan University of Energy, Yinchuan 750100, China
  • Received:2020-08-13 Accepted:2020-09-07 Published:2020-09-11
  • Contact: Xuqiang Hao,Zhiliang Jin E-mail:haoxuqiang@126.com;zl-jin@nun.edu.cn
  • About author:Zhiliang Jin, Email: zl-jin@nun.edu.cn; Tel.: +86-13893316102 (Z.J.)
    Xuqiang Hao, Email: haoxuqiang@126.com. +86-18095117159 (X.H.)
  • Supported by:
    This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China (2020AAC02026, 2020AAC03204), the Open Project of State Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency Utilization of Coal and Green Chemical Engineering, Ningxia University, China (2019-KF-36), the Ningxia Low-Grade Resource High Value Utilization and Environmental Chemical Integration Technology Innovation Team Project, North Minzu University, China

Abstract:

S-scheme heterojunction is a major breakthrough in the field of photocatalysis. In this study, NiS2 and MoSe2 were prepared by a typical solvothermal method, and compounded by an in situ growth method to construct an S-scheme heterojunction. The obtained composite showed excellent performance in photocatalytic hydrogen evolution; the hydrogen production rate was approximately 7 mmol·h-1·g-1, which was 2.05 times and 2.44 times those of pure NiS2 and MoSe2, respectively. Through a series of characterizations, it was found that NiS2 and MoSe2 coupling can enhance the light absorption intensity, which is vital for the light reaction system. The efficiency of electron-hole pair separation is also among the important factors restricting photocatalytic reactions. Compared with pure NiS2 and MoSe2, NiS2/MoSe2 exhibited a higher photocurrent density, lower cathode current, and lower electrochemical impedance, which proves that the NiS2/MoSe2 complex can effectively promote photogenerated electron transfer. Simultaneously, the lower emission intensity of fluorescence indicated effective inhibition of electron-hole recombination in the NiS2/MoSe2 complex, which is favorable for the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction. Further, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that MoSe2 is an amorphous sample surrounded by the NiS2 nanomicrosphere, which greatly increased the contact area between the two, thus increasing the active site of the reaction. Secondly, as a photosensitizer, Eosin Y (EY) effectively enhanced the absorption of light by the catalyst in the photoreaction system. Meanwhile, during sensitization, electrons were provided to the catalyst, which effectively improved the photocatalytic reaction efficiency. The establishment of S-scheme heterojunctions contributed to improving the redox capacity of the reaction system and was the most important link in the photocatalytic hydrogen reduction of aquatic products. It was also the main reason for the improvement of the hydrogen evolution effect in this study. The locations of the conduction band and valence band of NiS2 and MoSe2 were determined by Mott-Schottky plots and photon energy curves, and further proved the establishment of the S-scheme heterojunction. This work provides a new reference for studying the S-scheme heterojunction to effectively improve the photocatalytic hydrogen production efficiency.

Key words: NiS2, MoSe2, S-scheme heterojunction, Photocatalytic hydrogen evolutio

MSC2000: 

  • O644