Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 2008066.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202008066

Special Issue: CO2 Reduction

• ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Controlling the Global Mean Temperature by Decarbonization

Frits Mathias Dautzenberg1,*(), Yong Lu2, Bin Xu3   

  1. 1 Serenix Corporation, 5632 Coppervein Street, Fort Collins, CO 80528, USA
    2 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3 ECO Zhuo Xin Energy-Saving Technology (Shanghai) Company Limited, Shanghai 201109, China
  • Received:2020-08-23 Accepted:2020-09-18 Published:2020-09-21
  • Contact: Frits Mathias Dautzenberg E-mail:fritsd@serenixcorp.com
  • About author:Frits Mathias Dautzenberg, Email: fritsd@serenixcorp.com

Abstract:

Establishing a reliable method to predict the global mean temperature (Te) is of great importance because CO2 reduction activities require political and global cooperation and significant financial resources. The current climate models all seem to predict that the earth's temperature will continue to increase, mainly based on the assumption that CO2 emissions cannot be lowered significantly in the foreseeable future. Given the earth's multifactor climate system, attributing atmospheric CO2 as the only cause for the observed temperature anomaly is most likely an oversimplification; the presence of water (H2O) in the atmosphere should at least be considered. As such, Te is determined by atmospheric water content controlled by solar activity, along with anthropogenic CO2 activities. It is possible that the anthropogenic CO2 activities can be reduced in the future. Based on temperature measurements and thermodynamic data, a new model for predicting Te has been developed. Using this model, past, current, and future CO2 and H2O data can be analyzed and the associated Te calculated. This new, esoteric approach is more accurate than various other models, but has not been reported in the open literature. According to this model, by 2050, Te may increase to 15.5 ℃ under "business-as-usual" emissions. By applying a reasonable green technology activity scenario, Te may be reduced to approximately 14.2 ℃. To achieve CO2 reductions, the scenario described herein predicts a CO2 reduction potential of 513 gigatons in 30 years. This proposed scenario includes various CO2 reduction activities, carbon capturing technology, mineralization, and bio-char production; the most important CO2 reductions by 2050 are expected to be achieved mainly in the electricity, agriculture, and transportation sectors. Other more aggressive and plausible drawdown scenarios have been analyzed as well, yielding CO2 reduction potentials of 1051 and 1747 gigatons, respectively, in 30 years, but they may reduce global food production. It is emphasized that the causes and predictions of the global warming trend should be regarded as open scientific questions because several details concerning the physical processes associated with global warming remain uncertain. For example, the role of solar activities coupled with Milankovitch cycles are not yet fully understood. In addition, other factors, such as ocean CO2 uptake and volcanic activity, may not be negligible.

Key words: Calculation method for global mean temperature, CO2 in the atmosphere, Water in the atmosphere, Global warming, CO2 reduction

MSC2000: 

  • O642