Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 2010076.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202010076

Special Issue: Energy and Materials Chemistry

• REVIEW • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research Progress of Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Lithium Batteries

Yi Yang1,2, Chong Yan1,2, Jiaqi Huang1,2,*()   

  1. 1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
    2 Advanced Research Institute of Multidisciplinary Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2020-10-30 Accepted:2020-11-16 Published:2020-11-19
  • Contact: Jiaqi Huang E-mail:jqhuang@bit.edu.cn
  • About author:Jiaqi Huang, Email: jqhuang@bit.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    the Beijing Natural Science Foundation(JQ20004);the Beijing Natural Science Foundation(L182021);the National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFA0202500)

Abstract:

Since their commercialization in 1991, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), one of the greatest inventions in history, have profoundly reshaped lifestyles owing to their high energy density, long lifespan, and reliable and safe operation. The ever-increasing use of portable electronics, electric vehicles, and large-scale energy storage has consistently promoted the development of LIBs with higher energy density, reliable and safe operation, faster charging, and lower cost. To meet these stringent requirements, researchers have developed advanced electrode materials and electrolytes, wherein the electrode materials play a key role in improving the energy density of the battery and electrolytes play an important role in enhancing the cycling stability of batteries. In addition, further improvements in the current LIBs and reviving lithium metal batteries have received intensive interest. The electrode/electrolyte interface is formed on the electrode surface during the initial charging/discharging stage, whose ionic conductivity and electronic insulation ensure rapid transport of lithium ions and isolating the unsolicited side reactions caused by electrons, respectively. In a working battery, the stability or properties of the interface play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity of the electrode structure, thereby stabilizing the cycling performance and prolonging the service lifespan to meet the sustainable energy demand for the public. Generally, the interface formed on the anode and cathode is called the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) and cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) respectively, and SEI and CEI are collectively known as the electrode electrolyte interphase. Research on SEI has made remarkable progress; however, the structure, component, and accurate regulation strategy of SEI are still at the initial stage due to the stability and complexity of SEI and the limited research methods at the nanoscale. To improve the performance and lifespan of working batteries, the formation, evolution, and modification of the interface should be paid particular attention. Herein, the latest researches focused on the SEI are reviewed, including the formation mechanism, which discusses two key factors affecting the formation of the electrode/electrolyte film, i.e., the ion characteristic adsorption on the electrode surface and the solvated coordinate structure, evolution, and description that contains the interface layer structure, wherein the mosaic model and the layered structure are the two mainstream views of the SEI structure, and the chemical composition of SEI as well as the possible conduction mechanism of lithium ions, including desolvation and subsequent diffusion across the polycrystalline SEI. The regulation strategies of the interface layer are discussed in detail, and the future prospects of SEI are presented.

Key words: Lithium battery, Solid electrolyte interphase, Solvation structure, Formation mechanism, Artificial SEI

MSC2000: 

  • O646