Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 1998, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (11): 1053-1056.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19981118

• Note • Previous Articles    

Interfacial Instability and Mass Transfer

Hu Xue-Zheng, Liu Jun-Kang, Yu Xue-Jun, Liu Song-Qin   

  1. Deparment of Chemical Engineering,Wuxi University of Light Industry,Wuxi 214036
  • Received:1997-12-19 Revised:1998-04-06 Published:1998-11-15
  • Contact: Hu Xue-Zheng


The interfacial instability due to the transfer of the 1-butanol from water to oil in two systems of 1-butanol oil/water has been studied. The dynamic characteristics of the phenomenon are investigated by analysing the motion of an oil lens deposited at the surface of the aqueous solution of 1-butanol. The interfacial adsorption kinetics based on diffusion-controlled transfer is analysed. It is found that the linear relation between the frequence of the oscillatory motion of the lens and t1/2 is a characteristic relation. The type of the solute transfer in the interfacial instability is discussed by comparing experimental results with the linear characteristics.

Key words: Solute Marangoni effect, Interfacial adsorption, Diffusion transfer