Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2008, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (11): 2102-2107.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20081128

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Catalytic Cracking of C4 Hydrocarbons on ZSM-5 Molecular Sieves with Low SiO2/Al2O3 Molar Ratio

WANG Wen-Lan; LIU Bai-Jun; ZENG Xian-Jun   

  1. College of Chemistry and Biology, Beihua University, Jilin 132013, Jinlin Province, P. R. China; The Key Laboratory of Catalysis, China National Petroleum Corporation, University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-04-07 Revised:2008-06-05 Published:2008-11-10
  • Contact: LIU Bai-Jun

Abstract: The catalytic cracking of C4 hydrocarbons was investigated using ZSM-5 with low SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio (n(SiO2)/n(Al2O3)=20-45) as a catalyst. The reaction results indicated that the catalyst with lower SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio exhibited higher catalytic activity at low temperatures. The yield of propylene and ethylene over ZSM-5 with low SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio was lower than that over the catalyst with high SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio. However the yield of benzene and toluene was reversed. At 625 ℃, the total yield of ethylene, propene, benzene, and toluene was as high as 79.42%over the catalyst with n(SiO2)/n(Al2O3)=20. The acidity characterization by temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia and pyridine adsorption FT-IR showed that ZSM-5 with lower SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio had more Bronsted (B) and Lewis (L) acid sites. This accounted for the higher activity at low temperature and higher yield of benzene and toluene in the cracking of C4 hydrocarbons.

Key words: ZSM-5, Low SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio, Cracking of C4 hydrocarbons, Ethylene and propylene, Benzene and toluene


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