Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2013, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 2245-2254.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201308201

• CATALYSIS AND SURFACE SCIENCE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Catalytic Behaviors and Stability of Aerogel Silica-Supported Ni Catalysts for the Partial Oxidation of Methane into Synthesis Gas

LI Qi, HOU Yu-Hui, DONG Ling-Yu, HUANG Ming-Xiang, WENG Wei-Zheng, XIA Wen-Sheng, WAN Hui-Lin   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid State Surfaces, National Engineering Laboratory for Green Chemical Productions of Alcohols-Ethers-Esters, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-06-07 Revised:2013-08-20 Published:2013-09-26
  • Contact: XIA Wen-Sheng, WAN Hui-Lin E-mail:wsxia@xmu.edu.cn;hlwan@xmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2010CB732303), National Natural Science Foundation of China (21033006, 21373169), and Programfor Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Teamin Universities, China (IRT1036).

Abstract:

Two types of aerogel silica, denoted as SiO2-A(or B)G are synthesized with either solvent substitution (A) or solvent substitution-surface modification (B) under atmospheric conditions. Aerogel silicasupported Ni catalysts are then prepared via impregnated (IM) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-added IM methods, and their performances for the partial oxidation of methane (POM) are investigated. The similar initial catalytic performances (activity and selectivity) are observed over the different Ni/SiO2 catalysts. With respect to POMstability, Ni/SiO2-BG is significantly worse than Ni/SiO2-AG, while catalysts with PVP addition (during preparation) exhibit a significant improvement. In this case, Ni/SiO2-BG-PVPis comparable to Ni/SiO2-AG-PVP. We characterize the catalysts with X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed hydrogen reduction (H2-TPR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. We find that there are hydroxyls on the SiO2-AG surface that favor their interaction with hydrophilic metal species, while on the SiO2-BGsurface there are organic groups that do not interact with hydrophilic metal species. In addition, with the help of PVP, metal species can access the deep pores of hydrophilic/hydrophobic silica gels. Then, the contraction of the silica framework and the growth of metal particles are inhibited during calcinations, enhancing interactions between Ni and the silica gels. These (benefits fromsurface hydroxyls and PVP) result in significant improvements in the catalysts with respect to POMstability.

Key words: SiO2, Aerogel, POM, Hydroxyl, PVP, Stability

MSC2000: 

  • O643