Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2001, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (12): 1072-1076.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20011204

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The Study of XAFS for the NOx Storage Catalyst Pt/BaAl2O4-Al2O3

Li Xin-Gang;Meng Ming;Lin Pei-Yan;Huang Zhi-Jian;Fu Yi-Lu;Xie Ya-Ning;Hu Tian-Dou   

  1. Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026;Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039
  • Received:2001-04-16 Revised:2001-07-20 Published:2001-12-15
  • Contact: Meng Ming

Abstract: A series of Pt/BaAl2O4-Al2O3 NOx trap samples were prepared by coprecipitation-impregnation method. The supports BaAl2O4-Al2O3 were calcined at 800 ℃ and 1000 ℃, respectively. X-ray Diffraction(XRD), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure(EXAFS) were used to characterize the microcosmic structure of barium and platinum species in the samples. It is shown that the barium exists in the forms of BaAl2O4 and BaCO3 crystallites. With the decreasing of calcination temperature and barium content, the dispersion of BaAl2O4 phase becomes higher. Platinum in the samples mainly exists as small atomic clusters, which possess very high dispersion. In comparison with the standard compound of platinum, the magnitude for Pt-Pt coordination shell is significantly decreased, and the coordination distance is also shortened about 0.01 nm. All the results suggest that the BaAl2O4 crystallites should be the centers for NOx storage, while the fine-grained platinum species with high dispersion are deduced as the centers for the capture and oxidation of NOx species.

Key words: NOx, Pt/BaAl2O4-Al2O3, Storage, XAFS