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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  1994, Vol. 10 Issue (10): 897-902    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19941007
Characterization of Solid Superacidity by Pentane Isomerization Reaction
Gao Zi, Hua Wei-Ming, Chen Jian-Min, Tang Yi
Department of Chemistry,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433
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Abstract  Pentane reactions on solid acids such as SO_42- /M.O., HM and HZSM-5 zeolites at low temperature were studied. In most cases the pentane isomerization selectivity is higher than 90%. The rate of pentane isomerization reaction follows the rate law of a first-order reversible reaction. As the acid strength of the catalysts is increased, the rate constant is increased concurrently. The pentane isomerization at low temperature is a good probe reaction for the characterization of the acidity of solid superacids, whose Ho values are between -12 and -16. The results obtained rank the catalysts correctly in order of increasing acidic strength as judged by Hammett indicators and other methods. The probe reaction provides an effective means to measure superacidity for colored and decomposable samples.

Key wordsSolid superacid      Zeolite      Pentane isomerization      Characterization of superacidity     
Received: 20 July 1993      Published: 15 October 1994
Corresponding Authors: Gao Zi   
Cite this article:

Gao Zi, Hua Wei-Ming, Chen Jian-Min, Tang Yi. Characterization of Solid Superacidity by Pentane Isomerization Reaction. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1994, 10(10): 897-902.

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