Please wait a minute...
Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2005, Vol. 21 Issue (12): 1426-1430    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20051221
Note     
Surface Properties of Sodium Alkylbenzenesulfonates with Additional Side Chains
JIANG Xiao-Ming; ZHANG Lu; AN Jing-Yi; ZHAO Sui; YU Jia-Yong
Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
Download:   PDF(204KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  The relationships between the structures of sodium alkylbenzensulfonates with additional side chains and surface properties, especially the influence of the side chains, were studied. From the surface tension measured in pure water and 0.171 mol·L-1 NaCl solutions, the following parameters were calculated:the critical micelle concentration (cmc), the surface excess concentration at surface saturation (Гmax), the minimum area (Amin), the surface tension at the cmc (γmax), the effectiveness of a surfactant in reducing surface tension (πcmc), the efficiency of a surfactant in reducing surface tension(pC20), the standard free energy change upon adsorption (ΔGad0). The main chain and side chain have different effects on the surface properties. With increasing the number of carbons in the main chain or the side chains, cmc decreases, but the decrease degree of cmc is quite different, the main chain decreases cmc to a greater degree than the side chains do. While the number of carbons increases, the main chain increases Гmax, but the side chain decreases Гmax. These surface properties were explained by the structures of sodium alkylbonzensulfonate with additional side chains.

Key wordsAlkylbenzensulfonate      Molecular structure      Critical micelle concentration      Surface excess concentration     
Received: 07 April 2005      Published: 15 December 2005
Corresponding Authors: AN Jing-Yi     E-mail: jyan@ipc.ac.cn
Cite this article:

JIANG Xiao-Ming; ZHANG Lu; AN Jing-Yi; ZHAO Sui; YU Jia-Yong. Surface Properties of Sodium Alkylbenzenesulfonates with Additional Side Chains. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2005, 21(12): 1426-1430.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20051221     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2005/V21/I12/1426

[1] ZHAO Yan, AO Yin-Yong, CHEN Jian, SONG Hong-Tao, HUANG Wei, PENG Jing. Density Functional Theory Studies of the Structures and Thermodynamic Parameters of Li+-Crown Ether Complexes[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2016, 32(7): 1681-1690.
[2] FAN Ya-Xun, HAN Yu-Chun, WANG Yi-Lin. Effects of Molecular Structures on Aggregation Behavior of Gemini Surfactants in Aqueous Solutions[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2016, 32(1): 214-226.
[3] JIANG Li-Lin. Influence of Photoinduced Electron Transfer on the Ground-State Molecular Structure of Rhodamine 6G Determined by Nonresonance Raman Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2014, 30(11): 1987-1992.
[4] XIONG Ke-Jie, SHU Zhan-Xia, NIE Hai-Yu, DU Feng-Pei. Impact of the Addition of Gum Arabic on the Interface Dilational Properties of Gemini Surfactants[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2013, 29(09): 2013-2018.
[5] ZHU Zhi-Chen, WANG Qiang, JIA Qing-Zhu, TANG Hong-Mei, MA Pei-Sheng. Quantitative Structure-Property Relationship of the Critical Micelle Concentration of Different Classes of Surfactants[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2013, 29(01): 30-34.
[6] LIANG Gui-Jie, ZHONG Zhi-Cheng, CHEN Mei-Hua, XU Jie, XU Wei-Lin, HE Ping, HOU Qiu-Fei, LI Zai-Fang. Effect of Donor Moieties on the Electronic Structures and Absorption Spectra of Indoline Dyes[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(08): 1885-1891.
[7] KABIR-UD-DIN, RUB Malik Abdul, NAQVI Andleeb Z.. Effect of Inorganic Salts and Ureas on the Micellization Behavior of Antidepressant Drug Imipramine Hydrochloride at Various Concentrations and Temperatures[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(04): 885-891.
[8] AZUM Naved, NAQVI Andleeb Z., AKRAM Mohd., KABIR-UD-DIN. Synergistic Interactions in Mixed Micelles of Cationic 14-s-14 Gemini with Conventional Surfactants: Spacer and Counterion Effects[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(06): 1565-1569.
[9] HUANG Zhen-Jian, TAN Chun-Hua, HUANG Xu-Guang. Determination of Surfactant cmc Based on the Fiber Refractive Index Sensor Principle[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(05): 1271-1276.
[10] YUAN Wei-Zhong, ZHANG Feng-Bo, YUAN Jin-Ying, XIE Xu-Ming, HONG Xiao-Yin. Effect ofMolecular Structure on the Surface Morphology of Ultrathin Films by Competing Crystallization and Dewetting Processes[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(04): 1157-1163.
[11] ZHANG Sheng-Fei, SUN Li-Li, XU Jun-Bo, ZHOU Han, WEN Hao. Dissipative Particle Dynamics Simulations on the Structure of Heavy Oil Aggregates[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(01): 57-65.
[12] HAN Mei, JI Guo-Dong, NI Jin-Ren. Mechanism for Enhanced Oil Removal by Inorganic Salts during Washing Crude Oil Contaminated Soil with Alkyl Polyglucoside[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2009, 25(10): 2026-2033.
[13] LU Xing-Yu, JIANG Yan, CUI Xiao-Hong, MAO Shi-Zhen, LIU Mai-Li, DU You-Ru. NMR Study of Surfactant Micelle Shape Transformation with Concentration[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2009, 25(07): 1357-1361.
[14] ZHANG Jing, DU Min, YU Hui-Hua, WANG Ning. Effect of Molecular Structure of Imidazoline Inhibitors on Growth and Decay Laws of Films Formed on Q235 Steel[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2009, 25(03): 525-531.
[15] HUANG Hong, FAN Hai-Hua, WANG He-Zhou, TIAN Yu-Peng. Two-Photon Absorption Properties Dependent on Symmetry of Pyridinium Group and Cationic Structure[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2008, 24(12): 2149-2152.