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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2008, Vol. 24 Issue (04): 681-685    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080423
Article     
Synthesis of Mesoporous SnO2 and Its Application in Lithium-Ion Battery
WANG Jian-Hua; LI Bin; WU Hai-Yan; GUO Yu-Zhong
Key Laboratory of Advanced Material of Yunnan Province, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, P. R. China
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Abstract  Mesoporous SnO2 was synthesized using a cationic surfactant cetytrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as template and tin chloride (SnCl4·5H2O) as inorganic precursor. The product was examined with X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2-adsorption/desorption isotherms (BET), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Electrochemical properties of the mesoporous SnO2 were measured as anode of lithium-ion battery. The results showed that a certain amount of ammonium was critical for fabricating of ordered mesoporous structure. OH - ions served as structure director, helping Sn(ClxBry )2- unit to assemble into liquid crystal and form the ordered mesoporous structure. Electrochemical measurements showed good capacity retaining ability in 40 cycles. Large irreversible capacity loss can be attributed to trapping of Li+ ion in the pores.

Key wordsMesoporous      Tin oxide      Lithium-ion battery     
Received: 23 October 2007      Published: 25 January 2008
MSC2000:  O646  
  O611  
  TQ426  
Corresponding Authors: WANG Jian-Hua     E-mail: wjianna@hotmail.com
Cite this article:

WANG Jian-Hua; LI Bin; WU Hai-Yan; GUO Yu-Zhong. Synthesis of Mesoporous SnO2 and Its Application in Lithium-Ion Battery. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2008, 24(04): 681-685.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080423     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2008/V24/I04/681

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