Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ›› 2009, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (06): 1117-1124.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20090611

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Reaction Types and Kinetics of Methane Generation from Huolinhe Lignite Pyrolysis by TG/MS Experiment and Quantum Chemical Calculations

ZENG Fan-Gui, JIA Jian-Bo   

  1. Key Laboratory of Coal Science &Technology, Ministry of Education &Shanxi Province, Department of Earth Science &|Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-12-23 Revised:2009-02-20 Published:2009-06-05
  • Contact: ZENG Fan-Gui E-mail:zengfangui@tyut.edu.cn

Abstract:

Open system pyrolysis modeling of immature Huolinhe lignite (vitrinite reflectivity, ROmax of 0.33%) was carried out and an on-line curve for the methane generation rate was obtained using a thermogravimetric analyzer coupled to a quadrupole mass spectrometer (TG/MS). Five peaks were suitable for curve fitting. A kinetic analysis of these fitted curves indicated that the lowest temperature peak represented desorption of adsorbed methane in coal and the four other peaks were from pyrolytic methane generation. These results indicated four types of reactions as determined by kinetic analysis combined with the structural characterization of coal by 13C-NMR and quantum chemical calculations. From the order of peak fitting, the first type of reaction involves a cleavage of the aliphatic carbons linked to O atoms; the second includes two reactions, a β-secession of short chain aliphatic functional groups and a secondary cracking of long chain aliphatic hydrocarbons that were formed during the primary pyrolysis of coal; the third is a demethylation of methyl-linked aromatic clusters; and the fourth is an aromatization of aliphatic substances within the coal structure and subsequent condensation.

Key words: Methane, Generation kinetics, Coal structure, Quantumchemical calculation, Huolinhe lignite

MSC2000: 

  • O641