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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2010,Vol.26>> Issue(04)>> 895-907     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100444         中文摘要
CATALYSIS AND SURFACE STRUCTURE
Relationship between the Structures of Metal Oxide Catalysts and Their Properties in Selective Oxidation of Light Alkanes
ZHANG Sheng-Hong, LIU Hai-Chao
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
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It is of great importance to study the selective oxidation of light alkanes on metal oxide catalysts from a fundamental and industrial point of view. Clarification of the relationship between the structure of the oxide catalysts and their catalytic properties is vital for the design of efficient catalysts and for the realization of efficient oxidative conversion of light alkanes. In this review, we summarize some recent progress in the understanding of the structures and catalytic properties of several catalysts including V-P-O, V-Sb-O, Mo-V-Te-Nb-O, and V-Mg-O metal oxides. These oxides as well as the Re-Sb-O catalysts developed by us have been extensively studied for the selective oxidation of light alkanes. We then revisit several key aspects including multi-functionality, site isolation, and phase cooperation. These aspects are required for catalysts that are efficient in the selective oxidation of light alkanes and will provide insights into the design and synthesis of metal oxide catalysts and their efficient application to the oxidative conversion of light alkanes.



Keywords: Light alkanes   Selective oxidation   Metal oxide catalyst   Structure-property relationship  
Received: 2009-12-17 Accepted: 2010-02-02 Publication Date (Web): 2010-03-15
Corresponding Authors: LIU Hai-Chao Email: hcliu@pku.edu.cn


Cite this article: ZHANG Sheng-Hong, LIU Hai-Chao. Relationship between the Structures of Metal Oxide Catalysts and Their Properties in Selective Oxidation of Light Alkanes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26 (04): 895-907.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100444
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