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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2010, Vol. 26 Issue (04): 895-907    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100444
CATALYSIS AND SURFACE STRUCTURE     
Relationship between the Structures of Metal Oxide Catalysts and Their Properties in Selective Oxidation of Light Alkanes
ZHANG Sheng-Hong, LIU Hai-Chao
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
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Abstract  

It is of great importance to study the selective oxidation of light alkanes on metal oxide catalysts from a fundamental and industrial point of view. Clarification of the relationship between the structure of the oxide catalysts and their catalytic properties is vital for the design of efficient catalysts and for the realization of efficient oxidative conversion of light alkanes. In this review, we summarize some recent progress in the understanding of the structures and catalytic properties of several catalysts including V-P-O, V-Sb-O, Mo-V-Te-Nb-O, and V-Mg-O metal oxides. These oxides as well as the Re-Sb-O catalysts developed by us have been extensively studied for the selective oxidation of light alkanes. We then revisit several key aspects including multi-functionality, site isolation, and phase cooperation. These aspects are required for catalysts that are efficient in the selective oxidation of light alkanes and will provide insights into the design and synthesis of metal oxide catalysts and their efficient application to the oxidative conversion of light alkanes.



Key wordsLight alkanes      Selective oxidation      Metal oxide catalyst      Structure-property relationship     
Received: 17 December 2009      Published: 15 March 2010
MSC2000:  O643  
Corresponding Authors: LIU Hai-Chao     E-mail: hcliu@pku.edu.cn
Cite this article:

ZHANG Sheng-Hong, LIU Hai-Chao. Relationship between the Structures of Metal Oxide Catalysts and Their Properties in Selective Oxidation of Light Alkanes. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(04): 895-907.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100444     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2010/V26/I04/895

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