Please wait a minute...
Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2010, Vol. 26 Issue (09): 2387-2391    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100818
ELECTROCHEMISTRY     
Nanosized Flame Retarded HydroxideMagnesium/Poly(ethylene-oxide) Composite Polymer Electrolyte
LI Ya-Juan1, ZHAN Hui2, LIU Su-Qin1, HUANG Ke-Long1, ZHOU Yun-Hong2
1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, P. R. China;
2. College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China
Download:   PDF(1005KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  

We prepared nanosized hydroxide magnesium (Mg(OH)2) as a plasticizer and a flame-retarding additive for a poly(ethylene-oxide) (PEO) based polymer electrolyte. We characterized the prepared compound using transition electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetry (TG). The prepared hydroxide magnesium particles are hexagonal crystals with sizes of 50-80 nm. The decomposition of the prepared nanosized hydroxide magnesium started at 340 ℃. Electrochemical measurements shows that the ionic conductivity of the Mg(OH)2/PEO composite polymer electrolytes (CPEs) increases initially and then decreases with an increase in hydroxide magnesium content. It reaches a maximum when the hydroxide magnesium mass fraction is between 5% and 10%. The anodic decomposition potential of the CPEs increases to a certain extent as the hydroxide magnesium content increases. Hydroxide magnesiumhas a positive influence on the electrochemical stability of PEO.



Key wordsLithiumion battery      Nanosized hydroxide magnesium      Flame-retarding      Poly(ethylene-oxide)      Polymer electrolyte     
Received: 15 January 2010      Published: 23 June 2010
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Science Foundation for Post-doctoral Scientists of China (20080440989) and Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Programof Higher Education of China (20090162120011).

Corresponding Authors: LI Ya-Juan     E-mail: yajuanlee@163.com
Cite this article:

LI Ya-Juan, ZHAN Hui, LIU Su-Qin, HUANG Ke-Long, ZHOU Yun-Hong. Nanosized Flame Retarded HydroxideMagnesium/Poly(ethylene-oxide) Composite Polymer Electrolyte. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(09): 2387-2391.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100818     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2010/V26/I09/2387

1. Armand, M. Solid State Ionics, 1994, 69: 309
2. Glasse, M. D.; Idris, R.; Latham, R. J.; Linford, R. G.; Schlindwein,W. S. Solid State Ionics, 2002, 147: 289
3. Park, Y. W.; Lee, D. S. J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 2005, 351: 144
4. Itoh, T.; Hirata, N.; Wen, Z. Y.; Kubo, M.; Yamamoto, O. J. PowerSources, 2001, 97-98: 637
5. Yu, X. Y.; Xiao, M.; Wang, S. J.; Zhao, Q. Q.; Meng, Y. Z. J. Appl.Polymer Sci., 2010, 115: 2718
6. Li, X. L.; Guo, J.;Wu, Q.; Cheng, Y.; Long, Y. C.; Jiang, Z. Y.Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2005, 21: 397 [李雪莉,郭娟,吴强,程岩,龙英才, 江志裕. 物理化学学报, 2005, 21: 397]
7. Sumathipala, H. H.; Hassoun, J.; Panero, S.; Scrosati, B. Ionics,2007, 13: 281
8. Wang, L. S.; Yang, W. S.; Li, X. W.; Evans, D. G. Electrochem.Solid-State Lett., 2010, 13: A7
9. Rossi, N. A. A.; West, R. Polym. Int., 2009, 58: 267
10. Walls, H. J.; Zhou, J.; Yerian, J. A.; Fedkiw, P. S.; Khan, S. A.;Stowe, M. K.; Baker, G. L. J. Power Sources, 2000, 89: 156
11. Scrosati, B.; Croce, F.; Persi, L. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2000, 147(5): 1718
12. Kumar, B.; Scanlon, L.; Marsh, R.; Mason, R.; Higgins, R.;Baldwin, R. Electrochim. Acta, 2001, 46: 1515
13. Croce, F.; Curini, R.; Martinelli, A.; Persi, L.; Ronci, F.; Scrosati,B.; Caminiti, R. J. Phys. Chem. B, 1999, 103: 10632
14. Sun, H. Y.; Takeda, Y.; Imanishi, N.; Yamamoto, O.; Sohn, H. J.J. Electrochem. Soc., 2000, 147(7): 2462
15. Appetecchi, G. B.; Dautzenberg, G.; Scrosati, B. J. Electrochem.Soc., 1996, 143(1): 6
16. Appetecchi, G. B.; Passerini, S. Electrochim. Acta, 2000, 45: 2139
17. Borkowska, R.; Reda, A.; Zalewska, A.;Wieczorek, W.Electrochim. Acta, 2001, 46: 1737
18. Aihara, Y.; Kuratomi, J.; Bando, T.; Iguchi, T.; Yoshida, H.; Ono,T.; Kuwana, K. J. Power Sources, 2003, 114: 96
19. Yoshizawa, M.; Mukai, T.; Ohtake, T.; Kanie, K.; Kato, T.; Ohno,H. Solid State Ionics, 2002, 154-155: 779
20. Zhang, Z. C.; Sherlock, D.; West, R.; West, R.; Amine, K.; Lyons,L. J. Macromolecules, 2003, 36: 9176
21. Kang, Y. K.; Lee, J.; Suh, D. H.; Lee, C. J. Power Sources, 2005,146: 391
22. Liang, Y. H.; Wang, C. C.; Chen, C. Y. Eur. Polym. J., 2008, 44:2376
23. Hong, L.; Cui, Y. J.;Wang, X. L.; Tang, X. Z. J. Polym. Sci. Pol.Phys., 2003, 41: 120
24. Yang, X. H.; Sun, X. Y.; Shao, J. J.; Liu, Y. H.; Wang, X. L.J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Phys., 2004, 42: 4195
25. Bai, Y.; Pan, C. H.; Wu, F.; Wu, C.; Ye, L.; Feng, Z. G. Chem. J.Chin. Univ., 2007, 28: 1796 [白莹,潘春花, 吴锋,吴川,叶霖,冯增国. 高等学校化学学报, 2007, 28: 1796]
26. Saito, M.; Ikuta, H.; Uchimoto, Y.;Wakihara, M.; Yokoyama, S.;Yabe, T.; Yamamoto, M. J. Phys. Chem. B, 2003, 107: 11608
27. Croce, F.; Appetecchi, G. B.; Persi, L.; Scrosati, B. Nature, 1998,394: 456.
28. Jia, X. W. Flame retarding nano-materials. Beijing: ChemicalIndustry Press, 2005 [贾修伟.纳米阻燃材料.北京: 化学工业出版社, 2005]

[1] MA Qiang, HU Yongsheng, LI Hong, CHEN Liquan, HUANG Xuejie, ZHOU Zhibin. An Sodium Bis (trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide-based Polymer Electrolyte for Solid-State Sodium Batteries[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2018, 34(2): 213-218.
[2] ZHEN Xu, GUO Xue-Jing. Synthesis and Lithium Storage Performance of Three-Dimensional Mesostructured ZnCo2O4 Cubes[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(4): 845-852.
[3] SUN Xiao-Fei, XU You-Long, ZHENG Xiao-Yu, MENG Xiang-Fei, DING Peng, REN Hang, LI Long. Triple-Cation-Doped Li3V2(PO4)3 Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2015, 31(8): 1513-1520.
[4] HOU Hong-Ying. Recent Research Progress in Alkaline Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for Alkaline Solid Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2014, 30(8): 1393-1407.
[5] ZUO Xiang, CAI Feng, LIU Xiao-Min, YANG Hui, SHEN Xiao-Dong. Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Physically Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2013, 29(01): 64-72.
[6] LIANG Gui-Jie, ZHONG Zhi-Cheng, XU Jie, ZHANG Zeng-Chang, CHEN Mei-Hua, LI Zai-Fang, HE Ping, HOU Qiu-Fei. Quasi-Solid State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Based on the Novel Crosslinked Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(12): 2852-2860.
[7] DAI Yu-Hua, LI Xiao-Jie, FANG Yan-Yan, SHI Qiu-Fei, LIN Yuan, YANG Ming-Shan. Influence of Polymer Gel Electrolyte on the Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Analyzed by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(11): 2669-2675.
[8] LIANG Gui-Jie, ZHONG Zhi-Cheng, XU Jie, XU Wei-Lin, CHEN Mei-Hua, ZHANG Zeng-Chang, LI Wen-Lian. Formation Mechanism, Structure Model and Electrochemical Performance of an In situ Cross Linking Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Membrane[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(09): 2057-2064.
[9] GUO Xue-Yi, YI Peng-Fei, WANG Wei-Jia, YANG Ying. Electrochemical Properties of an Agarose-Based Magnetic Polymer Electrolyte in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(03): 585-590.
[10] CHEN Lang, RAO Mu-Min, LI Wei-Shan, XU Meng-Qing, LIAO You-Hao, TAN Chun-Lin, YI Jin. Performance Improvement of Polyethylene-Supported PAMS Electrolyte Using Urea as Foaming Agent[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(07): 1689-1694.
[11] CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia, ZHANG Jin-Qiu. Cathodic and Thermal Stabilities of the P(VdF-HFP)-Based Ionic Liquid Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(01): 78-84.
[12] CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia. Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(05): 1233-1238.
[13] FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing. Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2009, 25(08): 1490-1494.
[14] JIANG Dong-Dong, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua. Fabrication and Characterization of Tin Nanorod Electrodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2009, 25(08): 1481-1484.
[15] FAN Xiao-Yong, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WEI Guo-Zhen, KE Fu-Sheng, HUANG Ling, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang. Fabrication and Performance of Cu6Sn5 Alloy Anode Using Porous Cu as Current Collector[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2009, 25(04): 611-616.