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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2010, Vol. 26 Issue (12): 3169-3174    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20101203
ELECTROCHEMISTRY     
Preparation of Porous Carbon Nanofibers by Electrospinning and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior
ZHANG Xiao-Bo1, CHEN Ming-Hai3, ZHANG Xiao-Gang2, LI Qing-Wen3
1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, P. R. China;
2. College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, P. R. China;
3. Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Zinc acetate/polyacrylonitrile nanofibers were prepared by an electrospinning method. The as-prepared nanofibers were carbonized under argon and washed with acid to obtain porous carbon nanofibers. The surface morphology and microstructure of the porous carbon nanofibers were examined by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The surface area was found to be 413 m2·g-1 by the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. The electrochemical performance of the electrodes was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and by chronopotentiogram tests. The results showed that the specific capacitance of the as-repapered carbon porous nanofiber electrode was 275 F·g-1 under 1 A·g-1, which is 162% higher than that of the carbon nanofibers without a porous structure.



Key wordsSupercapacitor      Electrospinning      Porous carbon nanofiber     
Received: 01 July 2010      Published: 25 October 2010
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2007CB209703) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (20633040, 20873064).

Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Xiao-Gang, LI Qing-Wen     E-mail: azhangxg@163.com, qwli2007@sinano.ac.cn
Cite this article:

ZHANG Xiao-Bo, CHEN Ming-Hai, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, LI Qing-Wen. Preparation of Porous Carbon Nanofibers by Electrospinning and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2010, 26(12): 3169-3174.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20101203     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2010/V26/I12/3169

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