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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (02): 455-460    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110228
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Preparation of Water Soluble Chitosan-Based Porous Carbon/NiO Composites and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior
ZHANG Hai-Jun1, ZHANG Xiao-Gang1, YUAN Chang-Zhou1, GAO Bo1, SUN Kang2, FU Qing-Bin1, LU Xiang-Jun1, JIANG Jian-Chun2
1. College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, P. R. China;
2. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Nanjing 210042, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Porous carbons were prepared by the carbonization of water soluble chitosan and they were then used to synthesize porous C/NiO composites. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and nitrogen adsorption-desorption experinents were used to characterize the structure and morphology of the products. The results showed that the mesopore-rich composites consisted of NiO crystallites and porous carbon. The electrochemical properties of the porous C/NiO composites were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements. We found that compared with porous carbon, the composites showed superior electrochemical capacitive performance. When the mass ratio of nickel to carbon was 2:20, the composite had a large specific capacitance of 355 F·g-1 at a current density of 0.1 A·g-1 and excellent cyclability with a capacity retention of about 99% after 1500 cycles.



Key wordsSupercapacitor      Chitosan      Porous carbon      Nickel oxide     
Received: 20 September 2010      Published: 05 January 2011
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2007CB209703) and Key Laboratory of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, China (2010M001).

Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Xiao-Gang     E-mail: azhangxg@163.com
Cite this article:

ZHANG Hai-Jun, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, GAO Bo, SUN Kang, FU Qing-Bin, LU Xiang-Jun, JIANG Jian-Chun. Preparation of Water Soluble Chitosan-Based Porous Carbon/NiO Composites and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(02): 455-460.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110228     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2011/V27/I02/455

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