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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2011,Vol.27>> Issue(02)>> 455-460     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110228         中文摘要
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY
Preparation of Water Soluble Chitosan-Based Porous Carbon/NiO Composites and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior
ZHANG Hai-Jun1, ZHANG Xiao-Gang1, YUAN Chang-Zhou1, GAO Bo1, SUN Kang2, FU Qing-Bin1, LU Xiang-Jun1, JIANG Jian-Chun2
1. College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, P. R. China;
2. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Nanjing 210042, P. R. China
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Porous carbons were prepared by the carbonization of water soluble chitosan and they were then used to synthesize porous C/NiO composites. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and nitrogen adsorption-desorption experinents were used to characterize the structure and morphology of the products. The results showed that the mesopore-rich composites consisted of NiO crystallites and porous carbon. The electrochemical properties of the porous C/NiO composites were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements. We found that compared with porous carbon, the composites showed superior electrochemical capacitive performance. When the mass ratio of nickel to carbon was 2:20, the composite had a large specific capacitance of 355 F·g-1 at a current density of 0.1 A·g-1 and excellent cyclability with a capacity retention of about 99% after 1500 cycles.



Keywords: Supercapacitor   Chitosan   Porous carbon   Nickel oxide  
Received: 2010-09-20 Accepted: 2010-11-30 Publication Date (Web): 2011-01-05
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Xiao-Gang Email: azhangxg@163.com

Fund: The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2007CB209703) and Key Laboratory of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, China (2010M001).

Cite this article: ZHANG Hai-Jun, ZHANG Xiao-Gang, YUAN Chang-Zhou, GAO Bo, SUN Kang, FU Qing-Bin, LU Xiang-Jun, JIANG Jian-Chun. Preparation of Water Soluble Chitosan-Based Porous Carbon/NiO Composites and Their Electrochemical Capacitive Behavior[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27 (02): 455-460.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110228

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