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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (03): 620-626    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110331
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Preparation of Microporous Carbon Using a Zeolite HY Template and Its Capacitive Performance
LI Wen, ZHOU Jin, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping, Lü Yi-Min
School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Several microporous carbons were prepared by polyfurfuryl alcohol-impregnation and impregnation-acetonitrile chemical vapor deposition (CVD) using zeolite HY as a template, denoted as PFA carbons and AN carbons, respectively. These were used as electrode materials for supercapacitors. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns show that the structural regularity of the zeolite was well-replicated by the carbon structures prepared by impregnation-CVD. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed that the AN carbons possess abundant nitrogen-containing groups because of the CVD of acetonitrile. The prepared carbons were typical microporous materials as determined by N2 adsorption/desorption test and they had a high BET surface area and narrow pore size distribution. Electrochemical tests showed that the AN carbons had higher capacitance because of their evident pseudo-capacitance from the nitrogen- containing groups. AN8 had a high capacitance up to 210 F·g-1. The capacitance retention ratio of the AN carbons were determined to its electric conductivity and mesoporosity.



Key wordsHY zeolite      Microporous carbon material      Chemical vapor deposition      Supercapacitor      Templating method     
Received: 07 October 2010      Published: 17 February 2011
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the Outstanding Young Scientist Foundation of Shandong Province, China (BS2009NJ014) and Science and Technology Research Program of Shandong Province, China (2009GG10007006).

Corresponding Authors: ZHOU Jin, ZHUO Shu-Ping     E-mail: zhuosp_academic@yahoo.com;zhoujin820514@163.com
Cite this article:

LI Wen, ZHOU Jin, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping, Lü Yi-Min. Preparation of Microporous Carbon Using a Zeolite HY Template and Its Capacitive Performance. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(03): 620-626.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110331     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2011/V27/I03/620

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