Please wait a minute...
Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (04): 858-862    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110411
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Preparation of Pt/Graphene Catalyst and Its Catalytic Performance for Oxygen Reduction
LI Yun-Xia1, WEI Zi-Dong1,2, ZHAO Qiao-Ling1, DING Wei1, ZHANG Qian1,2, CHEN Si-Guo1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, P. R. China;
2. School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, P. R. China
Download:   PDF(686KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  

Graphene (Gr) is synthesized by the direct reduction of tetrachloroethylene with sodium in paraffin oil rather than by the intermediate steps of oxidized graphite (GO) and oxidized graphene (GrO). Gr is used as support for the subsequent deposition of Pt nanoparticles and the catalytic behavior during oxygen reduction (OR) on the as-prepared Pt/Gr is studied. The structure, morphology, composition, and surface properties of the as-prepared Pt/Gr catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and electrochemical measurements. We found that the Pt nanoparticles with a mean particle size of 3.1 nm were well-dispersed on the Gr. The onset potential of the oxygen reduction on the Pt/Gr electrode shifted to the positive direction by 24 mV compared with the electrode made from commercial Pt/C catalysts (Johnson-Matthey Co. JM-Pt/C). The exchange current density of the OR on the Pt/Gr electrode was found to be 1×10-3 mA·cm-2, which is 2.5 times as that of the electrode made from the JM-Pt/C catalysts.



Key wordsGraphene      Platinum      Oxygen reduction      Fuel cell      Electrocatalysis     
Received: 20 September 2010      Published: 03 March 2011
MSC2000:  O643  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20806096, 20906107, 20936008), Municipal Education Committee of Chongqing, China (kjzh 08103), Innovative Talent Training Project, Chongqing University, China (S-09013), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University, China (CDJXS10221141, 11132229).

Corresponding Authors: WEI Zi-Dong     E-mail: zdwei@cqu.edu.cn
Cite this article:

LI Yun-Xia, WEI Zi-Dong, ZHAO Qiao-Ling, DING Wei, ZHANG Qian, CHEN Si-Guo. Preparation of Pt/Graphene Catalyst and Its Catalytic Performance for Oxygen Reduction. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(04): 858-862.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110411     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Jwk_wk/wlhx/Y2011/V27/I04/858

(1) Ralph, T. R.; Hogarth, M. P. Platinum Metal Rev. 2002, 46, 3.
(2) Li, L.; Chen, S. G.; Qi, X. Q.; Wang, Y. Q.; Ji, M. B.; Li, L. L.; Wei, Z. D. Electrochemistry, 2009, 15, 403.
[李 莉, 陈四国, 齐学强, 王耀琼, 季孟波, 李兰兰, 魏子栋. 电化学, 2009, 15, 403.]
(3) Shen, J. F.; Hu, Y. Z.; Li, C.; Qin, C.; Ye, M. X. Electrochim. Acta 2008, 53, 7276.
(4) Cai, K. D.; Yin, G. P.; Wang, J. J.; Lu, L. L. Energy Fuels. 2009, 23, 903.
(5) Yang, S. D.; Zhang, X. G.; Huang, J. S.; Sun, J. Y. Acta Phys- Chim. Sin. 2007, 23, 1224.
[杨苏东, 张校刚, 黄建书, 孙景玉. 物理化学学报, 2007, 23, 1224.]
(6) Rhee, C. K.; Kim, B. J.; Ham, C.; Kim, Y. J.; Song, K.; Kwon, K. Langmuir 2009, 25, 7140.
(7) Wang, Z. B.; Zuo, P. J.; Wang, G. J.; Du, C. Y.; Yin, G. P. J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, 6582.
(8) Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.; Jiang, D.; Zhang, Y.; Dubonos, S. V.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Firsov, A. A. Science 2004, 306, 666.
(9) Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S. Nat Mater. 2007, 6, 183.
(10) Williams, J. R.; DiCarlo, L.; Marcus, C. M. Science 2007, 317, 638.
(11) Service, R. F. Science 2009, 324, 875.
(12) Kim, K. S.; Zhao, Y.; Jang, H.; Lee, S. Y.; Kim, J. M.; Kim, K. S.; Ahn, J. H.; Kim, P.; Choi, J. Y.; Hong, B. H. Nature 2009, 457, 706.
(13) Yoo, E.; Okata, T.; Akita, T.; Kohyama, M.; Nakamura, J.; Honma, I. Nano Lett. 2009, 9, 2255.
(14) Pasricha, R.; Gupta, S.; Srivastava, A. K. Small 2009, 5, 2253.
(15) Huang, Y.; Chen, Y. S. Sci China Ser B: Chem. 2009, 39, 887.
[黄 毅, 陈永胜. 中国科学B辑: 化学, 2009, 39, 887.]
(16) Wen, Z. L.; Yang, S. D.; Song, Q. J.; Hao, L. Acta Phys.-Chim. Sin. 2010, 26, 1570.
[温祝亮, 杨苏东, 宋启军, 郝 亮, 张. 物理化学学报, 2010, 26, 1570.]
(17) Chen, G. H.; Wu, D. J.; Weng, W. G.; Lu, I. R.; Wang, P. P.; Chen, X. F. Carbon. 2004, 42, 753.
(18) Li, Y.; Wang, J. Y. Preparation of Graphene. CN Patent 10 146 2719A, 2009-06-24.
[李 彦, 王金泳. 石墨烯的制备方法:中国, CN 101462719A
[P]. 2009-06-24.]
(19) Yi, B. L. Fuel Cells-Principles, Technology and Application: Chemical Industry Press: Beijing, 2003; pp 162-167.
[衣宝廉. 燃料电池-原理、技术、应用. 北京: 化学工版社, 2003: 162-167.]
(20) Ioroi, T.; Kitazwa, N.; Yasuda, K.; Yamanoto, Y.; Takenaka, H. J. Appl. Electrochem. 2001, 31, 1179.
(21) Bolotin, K. I.; Sikes, K. J.; Jiang, Z.; Klima, M.; Fudenberg, G.; Hone, J.; Kim, P.; Stormer, H. L. Solid State Commun. 2008, 146, 351.
(22) Chen, S. G.; Wei, Z. D.; Li, H.; Li, L. Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 8782.
(23) Wei, Z. D.; Ran, H. B.; Liu, X. A.; Liu, Y.; Sun, C. X.; Chan, S. H.; Shen, P. K. Electrochim. Acta 2006, 51, 3091.
(24) Liao, C.; Wei, Z. D.; Ji, M. B.; Li, L.; Tan, Y.; Liao, M. J. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 5705.
(25) Sharma, S.; Ganguly, A.; Papakonstantinou, P.; Miao, X. P.; Li, M. X.; Hutchison, J. L.; Delichatsions, M.; Ukleja, S. J. Phys. Chem. C 2010, 114, 19459.

[1] WANG Hai-Yan, SHI Gao-Quan. Layered Double Hydroxide/Graphene Composites and Their Applications for Energy Storage and Conversion[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2018, 34(1): 22-35.
[2] DU Wei-Shi, Lü Yao-Kang, CAI Zhi-Wei, ZHANG Cheng. Flexible All-Solid-State Supercapacitor Based on Three-Dimensional Porous Graphene/Titanium-Containing Copolymer Composite Film[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(9): 1828-1837.
[3] CHEN Chi, ZHANG Xue, ZHOU Zhi-You, ZHANG Xin-Sheng, SUN Shi-Gang. Experimental Boosting of the Oxygen Reduction Activity of an Fe/N/C Catalyst by Sulfur Doping and Density Functional Theory Calculations[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(9): 1875-1883.
[4] SHEN Hai-Bo, JIANG Hao, LIU Yi-Si, HAO Jia-Yu, LI Wen-Zhang, LI Jie. Cobalt@cobalt Carbide Supported on Nitrogen and Sulfur Co-Doped Carbon: an Efficient Non-Precious Metal Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(9): 1811-1821.
[5] QIAN Hui-Hui, HAN Xiao, ZHAO Yan, SU Yu-Qin. Flexible Pd@PANI/rGO Paper Anode for Methanol Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(9): 1822-1827.
[6] YU Jing-Hua, LI Wen-Wen, ZHU Hong. Effect of the Diameter of Carbon Nanotubes Supporting Platinum Nanoparticles on the Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(9): 1838-1845.
[7] WANG Xiao-Qiang, LIU Jiang, XIE Yong-Min, CAI Wei-Zi, ZHANG Ya-Peng, ZHOU Qian, YU Fang-Yong, LIU Mei-Lin. A High Performance Direct Carbon Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stack for Portable Applications[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(8): 1614-1620.
[8] TIAN Ai-Hua, WEI Wei, QU Peng, XIA Qiu-Ping, SHEN Qi. One-Step Synthesis of SnS2 Nanoflower/Graphene Nanocomposites with Enhanced Lithium Ion Storage Performance[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(8): 1621-1627.
[9] YANG Yi, LUO Lai-Ming, CHEN Di, LIU Hong-Ming, ZHANG Rong-Hua, DAI Zhong-Xu, ZHOU Xin-Wen. Synthesis and Electrocatalytic Properties of PtPd Nanocatalysts Supported on Graphene for Methanol Oxidation[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(8): 1628-1634.
[10] WANG Lei, YU Fei, MA Jie. Design and Construction of Graphene-Based Electrode Materials for Capacitive Deionization[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(7): 1338-1353.
[11] ZHOU Yang, CHENG Qing-Qing, HUANG Qing-Hong, ZOU Zhi-Qing, YAN Liu-Ming, YANG Hui. Highly Dispersed Cobalt-Nitrogen Co-doped Carbon Nanofiber as Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalyst[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(7): 1429-1435.
[12] ZHAI Xiao, DING Yi. Nanoporous Metal Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reactions[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(7): 1366-1378.
[13] WANG Mei-Song, ZOU Pei-Pei, HUANG Yan-Li, WANG Yuan-Yuan, DAI Li-Yi. Three-Dimensional Graphene-Based Pt-Cu Nanoparticles-Containing Composite as Highly Active and Recyclable Catalyst[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(6): 1230-1235.
[14] LIAN Chao, ZHANG Kai, WANG Yuan. Catalytic Properties of Platinum Nanoclusters Supported on Iron Oxides for the Solvent-Free Hydrogenation of Halonitrobenzene[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(5): 984-992.
[15] WANG Jun, WEI Zi-Dong. Recent Progress in Non-Precious Metal Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2017, 33(5): 886-902.