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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (04): 759-763    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110415
Electrodeposition and Electrochemical Property of Porous Li-Si Film Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries
Lü Rong-Guan, YANG Jun, WANG Jiu-Lin, NULI Yan-Na
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China
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Porous Li-Si thin films (LSFs) were prepared by a multi-step constant current electrodeposition onto Cu foil. The structure and morphology of the electrodeposited films were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). As anodes for Li-ion batteries, Li-Si films give high cycling stability, adjustable Li-storage capacity and initial coulombic efficiency under different electrodeposition conditions. For instance, LSF-3 was electrodeposited in an electrolyte of 0.5 mol·L-1 SiCl4+0.7 mol·L-1 LiClO4+propylene caronate (PC) under certain conditions (i1=-3.82 mA·cm-2, t1=600 s; i2=-1.27 mA·cm-2, t2=7200 s). LSF-3 showed the first coulombic efficiency of 97.1% at a current density of 12.7 μA·cm-2. After the two initial pre-cycles, it delivered gravimetric and geometric charge capacities of 1410 mAh·g-1 and 240.6 μAh·cm-2 at 25.5 μA·cm-2. After 50 cycles, its charge capacity was 179.0 μAh·cm-2 (1049 mAh·g-1), retaining 74.4% of its initial capacity. The porous structure in LSFs can accommodate a part of the volume change during Li insertion/extraction and this favors the structural stability.

Key wordsPorous Li-Si film      Electrodeposition      Coulombic efficiency      Anode material      Lithium-ion battery     
Received: 13 December 2010      Published: 07 March 2011
MSC2000:  O646  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20873085).

Corresponding Authors: YANG Jun     E-mail:
Cite this article:

Lü Rong-Guan, YANG Jun, WANG Jiu-Lin, NULI Yan-Na. Electrodeposition and Electrochemical Property of Porous Li-Si Film Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(04): 759-763.

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