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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (06): 1431-1438    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110634
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Capacitive Performance of Tunable Ordered Mesoporous Carbons in Organic and H2SO4 Electrolytes
ZHOU Jin, LI Wen, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping
School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  

Ordered mesoporous carbon materials were prepared by doping boric acid using a hard- templating method. The capacitive performance of these carbons was investigated in organic and H2SO4 electrolytes. As demonstrated by structure analysis the prepared carbons possessed parallel mesoporous channels. The pore size increased from 3.3 to 5.7 nm and the molar fraction of oxygenated groups on the carbon surface increased from 2.0% to 5.2% with an increase in the amount of boric acid doping from 0 to 50% (molar fraction). In the organic electrolyte, the carbons mainly showed typical electric double layer capacitive performance and no visible pseudo-capacitance was induced. In H2SO4 electrolytes, BOMC-5 showed the highest specific mass capacitance of 140.9 F·g-1 and the specific surface capacitance of the prepared carbons increased with an increase in the oxygenated groups and this carbon showed visible pseudo-capacitance because of the rapid redox reactions of the oxygenated groups. The capacitance retention ratio depends on the surface chemical properties, which determines the wettability of the carbon surface and the electrolytes.



Key wordsOrdered mesoporous carbon      Organic electrolyte      H2SO4 electrolyte      Supercapacitor      Surface chemical property     
Received: 28 March 2011      Published: 10 May 2011
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the Outstanding Young Scientist Foundation of Shandong Province, China (BS2009NJ014, 2008BS09007).

Corresponding Authors: XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping     E-mail: xingwei@sdut.edu.cn. zhuosp_academic@yahoo.com
Cite this article:

ZHOU Jin, LI Wen, XING Wei, ZHUO Shu-Ping. Capacitive Performance of Tunable Ordered Mesoporous Carbons in Organic and H2SO4 Electrolytes. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(06): 1431-1438.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110634     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2011/V27/I06/1431

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