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Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (07): 1689-1694    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110712
Performance Improvement of Polyethylene-Supported PAMS Electrolyte Using Urea as Foaming Agent
CHEN Lang1, RAO Mu-Min1, LI Wei-Shan1,2,3, XU Meng-Qing1,2,3, LIAO You-Hao1, TAN Chun-Lin1,2,3, YI Jin1
1. School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China;
2. Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Technology on Energy Storage and Power Generation of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China;
3. Engineering Research Center of Materials and Technology for Electrochemical Energy Storage (MOE), South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China
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Poly(acrylonitrile-methyl methacrylate-styrene) (PAMS) was synthesized by emulsion polymerization and a polyethylene (PE)-supported membrane was prepared using urea as foaming agent (PE-PAMS-U). The structure and performance of the PAMS copolymer, PE-PAMS-U membrane and corresponding gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and by a charge/discharge test. We found that the performance of the PE-PAMS-U based GPE could be improved when using urea as a foaming agent. With the use of urea the pore size of the membrane becomes uniform, the ionic conductivity of the GPE improves from 1.1×10-3 to 2.15×10-3 S·cm-1 at room temperature and the interfacial resistance between the GPE and lithium is reduced from 480 to 250 Ω·cm2. The GPE is stable up to 5.0 V (vs Li/Li+) at room temperature and the battery made using the Li/PE-supported GPE/LiCoO2 shows a good rate and good cycle performance.

Key wordsLithium ion battery      Gel polymer electrolyte      Poly((acrylonitrile-methyl methacrylate-styrene)      Urea      Foaming agent     
Received: 18 January 2011      Published: 20 May 2011
MSC2000:  O646  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20873046) and Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (10351063101000001).

Corresponding Authors: LI Wei-Shan     E-mail:
Cite this article:

CHEN Lang, RAO Mu-Min, LI Wei-Shan, XU Meng-Qing, LIAO You-Hao, TAN Chun-Lin, YI Jin. Performance Improvement of Polyethylene-Supported PAMS Electrolyte Using Urea as Foaming Agent. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2011, 27(07): 1689-1694.

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