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ISSN 1000-6818CN 11-1892/O6CODEN WHXUEU
Acta Phys Chim Sin >> 2011,Vol.27>> Issue(07)>> 1689-1694     doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110712         中文摘要
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY
Performance Improvement of Polyethylene-Supported PAMS Electrolyte Using Urea as Foaming Agent
CHEN Lang1, RAO Mu-Min1, LI Wei-Shan1,2,3, XU Meng-Qing1,2,3, LIAO You-Hao1, TAN Chun-Lin1,2,3, YI Jin1
1. School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China;
2. Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Technology on Energy Storage and Power Generation of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China;
3. Engineering Research Center of Materials and Technology for Electrochemical Energy Storage (MOE), South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China
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Poly(acrylonitrile-methyl methacrylate-styrene) (PAMS) was synthesized by emulsion polymerization and a polyethylene (PE)-supported membrane was prepared using urea as foaming agent (PE-PAMS-U). The structure and performance of the PAMS copolymer, PE-PAMS-U membrane and corresponding gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and by a charge/discharge test. We found that the performance of the PE-PAMS-U based GPE could be improved when using urea as a foaming agent. With the use of urea the pore size of the membrane becomes uniform, the ionic conductivity of the GPE improves from 1.1×10-3 to 2.15×10-3 S·cm-1 at room temperature and the interfacial resistance between the GPE and lithium is reduced from 480 to 250 Ω·cm2. The GPE is stable up to 5.0 V (vs Li/Li+) at room temperature and the battery made using the Li/PE-supported GPE/LiCoO2 shows a good rate and good cycle performance.



Keywords: Lithium ion battery   Gel polymer electrolyte   Poly((acrylonitrile-methyl methacrylate-styrene)   Urea   Foaming agent  
Received: 2011-01-18 Accepted: 2011-05-03 Publication Date (Web): 2011-05-20
Corresponding Authors: LI Wei-Shan Email: liwsh@scnu.edu.cn

Fund: The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20873046) and Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (10351063101000001).

Cite this article: CHEN Lang, RAO Mu-Min, LI Wei-Shan, XU Meng-Qing, LIAO You-Hao, TAN Chun-Lin, YI Jin. Performance Improvement of Polyethylene-Supported PAMS Electrolyte Using Urea as Foaming Agent[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27 (07): 1689-1694.    doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110712

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68. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia, ZHANG Jin-Qiu.Cathodic and Thermal Stabilities of the P(VdF-HFP)-Based Ionic Liquid Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 78-84
69. CHEN Shi-Yu, WANG Zhao-Xiang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHAO Hai-Lei, LIU Xiao-Jiang, CHEN Li-Quan.Characterization of TiS2 as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011,27(01): 97-102
70. ZHOU Xiao-Ling, HUANG Rui-An, WU Zhao-Cong, YANG Bin, DAI Yong-Nian.Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of High-Rate Spinel Li4Ti5Ol2/TiN Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(12): 3187-3192
71. CHANG Zhao-Rong, DAI Dong-Mei, LI Bao, TANG Hong-Wei.Effect of Hydrazine on the Performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(10): 2633-2637
72. LI Ya-Juan, ZHAN Hui, LIU Su-Qin, HUANG Ke-Long, ZHOU Yun-Hong.Nanosized Flame Retarded HydroxideMagnesium/Poly(ethylene-oxide) Composite Polymer Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(09): 2387-2391
73. DAI Ke-Hua, MAO Jing, ZHAI Yu-Chun.High Rate Capability of 5 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Materials Synthesized via a Gel-Combustion Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(08): 2130-2134
74. QIU Xiang-Yun, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WANG Hong-Ming, CUI Yong-Li, FANG Liang, SUN Shi-Gang.Influence of Electrolyte Composition on the Intercalation-Deintercalation Process of Lithium Ion in Spinel LiMn2O4[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1499-1506
75. QU Xiao-Hua, LIU Jie, WANG Zhao-Xiang, CAO Dian-Liang, FANG Xiang-Peng, ZHANG Ling, DUAN Jing-Lai, YAO Hui-Jun, CHEN Yan-Feng, SUN You-Mei, HOU Ming-Dong.Preparation of Microporous Membranes by Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation and Impedance Characterization[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1722-1726
76. ZHANG Xiao-Yu, JIANG Wei-Jun, ZHU Xiao-Pei, QI Lu.Characterization of LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 Synthesized by Wet-Chemical Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(06): 1507-1514
77. ZHANG Hui-Juan, SONG Huai-He, ZHOU Ji-Sheng, ZHANG Hong-Kun, CHEN Xiao-Hong.Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of SnO2/Onion-Like Hollow Carbon Nanoparticle Composites as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1259-1263
78. TANG Wen-Dong, GAO Yang-Yan, WEI Wei, SUN Yu-Han.Adsorption of Urea onto a ZnO(10-10) Surface[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1373-1377
79. CUI Wen-Yu, AN Mao-Zhong, YANG Pei-Xia.Preparation of an Ionic Liquid Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Its Compatibility with a LiFePO4 Cathode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(05): 1233-1238
80. CHANG Yu-Qing, HUANG Ling, SUN Shi-Gang.Electrodeposition and Electrochemical Properties of Ternary Sn-Co-Zn Alloy Electrodes as Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 561-566
81. XIONG Li-Zhi, HE Ze-Qiang.A New Rheological Phase Route to Synthesize Nano-LiVOPO4 Cathode Material for LithiumIon Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 573-577
82. CHANG Zhao-Rong, YU Xu, TANG Hong-Wei, WEI Wen-Qiang, DAI Dong-Mei.Influence of Al Doping Content on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of LiNi1/3Co2/3-xAlxO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(03): 567-572
83. LU Hua-Quan, WU Feng, SU Yue-Feng, LI Ning, CHEN Shi, BAO Li-Ying.Electrochemical Performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries Prepared by Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010,26(01): 51-56
84. TAN Xiao-Lan, CHENG Xin-Qun, MA Yu-Lin, ZUO Peng-Jian, YIN Ge-Ping.Film Formation and Cycleability of LiBOB-Based Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(10): 1967-1971
85. MA Lin, WEI Zhi-Qiang, HUANG Ai-Min, YANG Hua, HE Wei-Ren, LIN Rui-Sen.Spectroscopic Studies on the Influence of Urea on the Conformation of Hemoglobin in Aqueous Solutions[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1816-1822
86. ZHENG Jun-Chao, LI Xin-Hai, WANG Zhi-Xing, LI Jin-Hui, WU Ling, LI Ling-Jun, GUO Hua-Jun.A Coalescence Mechanism for the Composite Cathode Material xLiFePO4·yLi3V2(PO4)3[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(09): 1916-1920
87. ZHONG Mei-E, ZHOU Zhi-Hui, ZHOU Zhen-Tao.Electrochemical Performance of High-Density LiFePO4/C Composites Synthesized by Solid State-Carbothermal Reduction Method[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1504-1510
88. JIANG Dong-Dong, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Fabrication and Characterization of Tin Nanorod Electrodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1481-1484
89. FENG Ji-Jun, LIU Xiang-Zhe, LIU Xiao-Zhen, JIANG Jian-Zhuang, ZHAO Jing.Hydrothermal Syntheses and Properties of LiV3-xMnxO8 as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(08): 1490-1494
90. HU Guo-Rong, CAO Yan-Bing, PENG Zhong-Dong, DU Ke, JIANG Qing-Lai.Preparation of Li2FeSiO4 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Microwave Synthesis[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 1004-1008
91. GAO Hong-Quan, LAI Yan-Qing, ZHANG Zhi-An, LIU Ye-Xiang.Electrochemical Behaviors of New Lithium Salt LiBC2O4F2 in EC+DMC Solvents[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(05): 905-910
92. FAN Xiao-Yong, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, WEI Guo-Zhen, KE Fu-Sheng, HUANG Ling, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang.Fabrication and Performance of Cu6Sn5 Alloy Anode Using Porous Cu as Current Collector[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 611-616
93. WU Feng, WANG Meng, SU Yue-Feng, CHEN Shi.Surface Modification of LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2 by TiO2-Coating[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 629-634
94. WANG Jian-She, GUO Xun, SONG Cheng-Ying, WANG Liu-Cheng, ZHAO Jian-Hong, QIU Xin-Ping.Promoting Methanol Electro-Oxidation through Fabricating Pore Structure in Pt/CNTs Catalyst Layer by Dissolving Away Premixed La2O3 Particles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(04): 767-772
95. ZHANG Guo-Qiang, MA Li, WU Zhong-Jie, ZHANG Hai-Yan, NI Pei.Electrochemical Behaviour of the Composite Polymer Electrolyte P(VDF-HFP)-PMMA/CaCO3(SiO2)[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 555-560
96. MA Ruo-Biao, FU Yan-Bao, MA Xiao-Hua.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Tin-Dioxide Filled Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 441-445
97. ZHUANG Quan-Tiao, WEI Guo-Zhen, DONG Quan-Feng, SUN Shi-Gang.Influence of Temperature on the Performance of a Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(03): 406-410
98. XU Jie; YAO Wan-Hao; YAO Yi-Wen; WANG Zhou-Cheng; YANG Yong.Effect of Fluoroethylene Carbonate Additive on the Performance of Lithium Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 201-206
99. LI Yang; XIE Hua-Qing; TU Jiang-Ping.SnS with Various Morphologies and Sizes as Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009,25(02): 365-370
100. LI Wei-Zhen, LIU Hai-Chao.Solvent Effects on the Solvothermal Synthesis of PureMonoclinic and Tetragonal Zirconia Nanoparticles[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(12): 2172-2178
101. YANG Shun-Yi; WANG Xian-You; WEI Jian-Liang; LI Xiu-Qin; TANG An-Ping.Preparation and Electrochemical Performance of Na-Mn-O Cathode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1669-1674
102. HUANG Jun-Jie; JIANG Zhi-Yu.Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Thin Film Electrode Fabricated by Ink-Jet Printing Technique[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(09): 1563-1567
103. ZHANG Hua; ZHOU Yong-Ning; WU Xiao-Jing; FU Zheng-Wen.Electrochemical Properties of CuF2 Films Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1287-1291
104. LI Fan-Qun; LAI Yan-Qing; ZHANG Zhi-An; GAO Hong-Quan; YANG Juan.Electrochemical Behaviors of Et4NBF4+LiPF6/EC+PC+DMC Electrolyte on Graphite Electrode[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1302-1306
105. WANG Meng; WU Feng; SU Yue-Feng; CHEN Shi.Electrochemical Characteristics of Y2O3-Coated LiCo1/3Ni1/3Mn1/3O2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2008,24(07): 1175-1179
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120. HOU Chun-Ping; YUE Min.A Novel Cathode Material Lithium Vanadium Phosphate Synthesized by Liquid-phase Sphericizing Granulation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2007,23(12): 1954-1957
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