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Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (07): 1666-1672    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110715
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND NEW ENERGY     
Electrochemical Performance of Cr2O3/TiO2 Composite Material for Lithium Ion Batteries
ZHAO Xing, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, QIU Xiang-Yun, XU Shou-Dong, SHI Yue-Li, CUI Yong-Li
Li-ion Batteries Laboratory, School of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
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Abstract  

The Cr2O3/TiO2 composite material was prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction and its structure, morphology, and electrochemical performance were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), charge-discharge test, cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). We found that TiO2 doping significantly improved the cyclic performance of Cr2O3 and the reversible capacity of the Cr2O3/TiO2 composite material was 454 mAh·g-1 after 22 charge-discharge cycles, therefore, it has a capacity retention of 73.6% and this is mainly due to TiO2 doping that significantly increases the conductivity of Cr2O3. Our results revealed that the initial large irreversible capacity and the capacity fading could be attributed to an increase in the thickness of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film and a reduction in the conductivity of the materials. This was caused by a volume expansion of the Cr2O3/TiO2 electrode during the first discharge process.



Key wordsLithium ion battery      Cr2O3/TiO2 composite material      Conversion reaction      Conductivity      Solid electrolyte interface film     
Received: 24 February 2011      Published: 23 May 2011
MSC2000:  O646  
Fund:  

The project was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (2010LKHX03, 2010QNB04, 2010QNB05) and Science and Technology “Climbing” Program of China University of Mining and Technology (ON090237).

Corresponding Authors: ZHUANG Quan-Chao     E-mail: zhuangquanchao@126.com
Cite this article:

ZHAO Xing, ZHUANG Quan-Chao, QIU Xiang-Yun, XU Shou-Dong, SHI Yue-Li, CUI Yong-Li. Electrochemical Performance of Cr2O3/TiO2 Composite Material for Lithium Ion Batteries. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(07): 1666-1672.

URL:

http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110715     OR     http://www.whxb.pku.edu.cn/Y2011/V27/I07/1666

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