Please wait a minute...
Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (08): 1886-1892    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110737
Properties of SPES/AlOOH Composite Proton Exchange Membranes
WEN Sheng1,3, GONG Chun-Li3, TSAI Fang-Chang1, YEH Jen-Taut1,2
1. Faculty of Material Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China;
2. Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430073, P. R. China;
3. Faculty of Chemistry and Materials Science, Xiaogan University, Xiaogan 432000, Hubei Province, P. R. China
Download:   PDF(766KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      


Novel sulfonated polyether sulfone (SPES)/AlOOH organic/inorganic composite membranes were prepared by doping SPES with AlOOH, which lowered the methanol crossover and increased the proton conductivity at high temperatures. The structure and performance of the obtained membranes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) etc. Compared with the pure SPES membrane the composite membranes had higher thermal stability and water uptake. The morphology of the composite membranes indicated that AlOOH was uniformly distributed throughout the SPES matrix. The network-like structure began to form when the AlOOH content was around 10%. The proton conductivity was still ca 0.014 S·cm-1 even at a temperature as high as 120 °C. Additionally, the methanol resistance improved greatly as the content of AlOOH increased. The SPES/AlOOH composite membrane is a promising candidate for direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) applications.

Key wordsSulfonated poly(ether sulfone)      AlOOH      Composite membrane      Direct methanol fuel cell     
Received: 01 March 2011      Published: 08 June 2011
MSC2000:  O646  

The project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province, China (2010CDB00301).

Corresponding Authors: YEH Jen-Taut     E-mail:
Cite this article:

WEN Sheng, GONG Chun-Li, TSAI Fang-Chang, YEH Jen-Taut. Properties of SPES/AlOOH Composite Proton Exchange Membranes. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(08): 1886-1892.

URL:     OR

(1) Fu, X. Z.; Li, J.; Lu, C. H.; Liao, D.W. Progress in Chemistry 2004, 16 (1), 77. [符显珠, 李俊, 卢成慧, 廖代伟. 化学进展, 2004, 16 (1), 77.]
(2) Gong, C. L.; Zhou, Y.; Yan, L. C.;Wen, S.; Zheng, G.W. Acta Phys.-Chim. Sin. 2010, 26 (11), 2967. [龚春丽, 周毅, 闫礼成, 文胜, 郑根稳. 物理化学学报, 2010, 26 (11), 2967.]
(3) Deng, H. N.; Li, L.; Xu, L.;Wang, Y. X. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2007, 23 (8): 1235. [邓会宁, 李磊, 许莉, 王宇新. 物理化学学报, 2007, 23 (8), 1235.]
(4) Rhee, C. H.; Kim, H. K.; Chang, H.; Lee, J. S. Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 1691.  
(5) Yang, S. F.; Gong, C. L.; Guan, R.; Zou, H.; Dai, H. Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 360.  
(6) Yi, B. L. Fuel Cells-Principle Technology Application: Chemical Industry Press: Beijing, 2003; p 351. [衣宝廉. 燃料电池-原理·技术·应用. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2003: 351.]
(7) Nolte, R.; Ledjeff, K.; Bauer, M.;Mülhaupt, R. J. Membr. Sci. 1993, 83, 211.  
(8) Guan, R.; Dai, H.; Li, C.; Liu, J.; Xu, J. J. Membr. Sci. 2006, 277, 148.  
(9) Kopitzke, R.W.; Linkous, C. A.; Anderson, H. R.; Nelson, G. L. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2000, 147, 1677.  
(10) Dai, H.; Guan, R.; Li, C.; Liu, J. Solid State Ionics 2007, 178, 339.  
(11) Tsai, J. C.; Kuo, J. F.; Chen, C.Y. J. Power Sources 2007, 174, 103.  
(12) Su, Y. H.; Liu, Y. L.; Sun, Y. M.; Lai, J. Y.;Wang, D. M.; Gao, Y.; Liu, B.; Guiver, M. D. J. Membr. Sci. 2007, 296, 21.  
(13) Nunes, S. P.; Ruffmann, B.; Rikowski, E.; Vetter, S.; Richau, K. J. Membr. Sci. 2002, 203, 215.  
(14) Jin, H.; Xie, X. F.; Shang, Y. M.; Feng, S. G.; Lv, Y. F. Chemical Industry and Engineering Progress 2007, 26 (4), 507. [靳豪, 谢晓峰, 尚玉明, 冯少广, 吕亚非. 化工进展, 2007, 26 (4), 507.]
(15) Shen, J.; Xi, J. Y.; Zhu,W. T.; Chen, L. Q.; Qiu, X. P. J. Power Sources 2006, 159, 894.  
(16) Yan, J. S.; Long, J.; Tian, H. P. Petroleum Processing and Petrochemicals 2004, 35 (9), 38. [严加松, 龙军, 田辉平. 石油炼制与化工, 2004, 35 (9), 38.]
(17) Ye, T. X.; Liu, J.Y.; Zhang, B.; Ma, X. N. Chinese Journal of Applied Chemistry 2009, 26 (9), 1114. [叶天旭, 刘京燕, 张斌, 马雪妮. 应用化学, 2009, 26 (9), 1114.]
(18) Lv, J. G.; Zhang, J.; Ding,W. P.; Shen, B.; Guo, X. F. Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2007, 23 (5), 897. [吕建刚, 张娟, 丁维平, 沈彬, 郭学峰. 无机化学学报, 2007, 23 (5), 897.]
(19) Liu, C. H.; Liao, H. D.; Long, X. Y. Journal of Southwest China Normal University 2003, 28 (2), 263. [刘昌华, 廖海达, 龙翔云. 西南师范大学学报(自然科学版, 2003, 28 (2), 263.]
(20) Zheng, G.W.; Gong, C. L.;Wen, S.; Zhou, H. B.; Xie, X. L. Acta Phys.-Chim. Sin., 2009, 25 (3), 575. [郑根稳, 龚春丽, 文胜, 周环波, 解孝林. 物理化学学报, 2009, 25 (3), 575.]
(21) Shu, Y. C.; Chuang, F. S.; Tsen,W. C.; Gong, C. L.;Wen, S. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2008, 108, 1783.  

[1] Hui-Hui QIAN,Xiao HAN,Yan ZHAO,Yu-Qin SU. Flexible Pd@PANI/rGO Paper Anode for Methanol Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2017, 33(9): 1822-1827.
[2] HOU Hong-Ying. Recent Research Progress in Alkaline Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for Alkaline Solid Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(8): 1393-1407.
[3] HAN Shuai-Yuan, YUE Bao-Hua, YAN Liu-Ming. Research Progress in the Development of High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membranes Based on Phosphonic Acid Group[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(1): 8-21.
[4] ZHOU Yang, LIU Wei-Ming, HU Xian-Chao, CHU You-Qun, MA Chun-An. Nano-WO3 Composite Materials as Electro-Catalyst for Methanol Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013, 29(07): 1487-1493.
[5] CHENG Hai-Long, XU Jing-Mei, WANG Zhe, REN Chun-Li, BAI Hong-Wei, ZHAO Cheng-Ji, ZHANG Hui-Xuan. Sulfonated Poly(aryl ether ketone) on Side Chain/Sulfonated Poly(vinyl alcohol) Composite Proton Exchange Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013, 29(07): 1515-1523.
[6] ZHOU Yang, CHU You-Qun, LIU Wei-Ming, MA Chun-An. Nano-WO3 Modified Carbon Nanotube Supported Pt and Their Electrocatalytic Activity for Methanol Electro-Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2013, 29(02): 287-292.
[7] ZHENG Ning, ZHU Chun-Mei, SUN Bin, SHI Zu-Jin, LIU Yan, WANG Yuan. Nanocomposite Cathode Catalyst with High Methanol Tolerance and Durability[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(10): 2263-2268.
[8] NIE Su-Lian, ZHAO Yan-Chun, FAN Jie-Wen, TIAN Jian-Niao, NING Zhen, LI Xiao-Xiao. Highly Active Pd-Co3O4/MWCNTs Catalysts for Methanol Electrocatalytic Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(04): 871-876.
[9] ZHAO Yan-Chun, ZHAN Lu, TIAN Jian-Niao, NIE Su-Lian, NING Zhen. N-Doped Amorphous Carbon Supported Pd Catalysts for Methanol Electrocatalytic Oxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(01): 91-96.
[10] GAO Hai-Li, LIAO Shi-Jun, ZENG Jian-Huang, LIANG Zhen-Xing, XIE Yi-Chun. Preparation and Characterization of Platinum-Decorated Ru/C Catalyst with High Performance and Superior Poison Tolerance[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010, 26(12): 3193-3198.
[11] GONG Chun-Li, ZHOU Yi, YAN Li-Cheng, WEN Sheng, ZHENG Gen-Wen. Properties of SPES/PWA/SiO2 Composite Proton Exchange Membranes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010, 26(11): 2967-2974.
[12] ZHAO Yan-Chun, LAN Huang-Xian, DENG Bin-Bin, TIAN Jian-Niao, YANG Xiu-Lin, WANG Feng-Yang. Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Methanol with Poly Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Supported Pt Catalysts[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010, 26(08): 2255-2260.
[13] AN Xiao-Sha, CHEN De-Jun, ZHOU Zhi-You, WANG Qiang, FAN You-Jun, SUN Shi-Gang. Rare Earth Eu Doped PtRu/C Catalysts and Their Properties for Methanol Electrooxidation[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010, 26(05): 1207-1213.
[14] WU Yan-Ni, LIAO Shi-Jun. Shortened Carbon Nanotubes as Supports to Prepare High-Performance Pt/SCNT and PtRu/SCNT Catalysts for Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2010, 26(03): 669-674.
[15] LV Yong, LU Wen-Cong, ZHANG Liang-Miao, YUE Bao-Hua, SHANG Xing-Fu, NI Ji-Peng. Synthesis, Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Core/Shell AlOOH Microspheres[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2009, 25(07): 1391-1396.