Please wait a minute...
Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.  2011, Vol. 27 Issue (11): 2600-2604    DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20111126
Electrochemical Behavior of LiV3O8 in Aqueous Li2SO4 Solution
LIU Li1,2, TIAN Fang-Hua1, WANG Xian-You1,2, ZHOU Meng1
1. Key Laboratory of Environmentally Friendly Chemistry and Applications of Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan Province, P. R. China;
2. Key Laboratory of Materials Design and Preparation Technology of Hunan Province, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan Province, P. R. China
Download:   PDF(568KB) Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  Nanostructured LiV3O8 powder was synthesized by a low-temperature solid-state method. Scanning election microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) show that the as-prepared material is composed of nanostructured particles. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements indicate that the as-prepared material has a monoclinic structure with a space group of P21/m. The electrochemical properties of the LiV3O8 electrodes in 1 mol·L-1 Li2SO4, 2 mol·L-1 Li2SO4, and saturated Li2SO4 aqueous electrolytes were studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in this work. The results show that the LiV3O8 electrode in the saturated Li2SO4 electrolyte has the best electrochemical properties. An aqueous rechargeable lithium battery (ARLB) containing a LiV3O8 anode, a LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode, and a saturated Li2SO4 electrolyte was fabricated. The battery delivered an initial capacity of 95.2 mAh·g-1 and retained a capacity of 37.0 mAh·g-1 after 100 cycles at a charge-discharge rate of 0.5C (1C=300 mA·g-1).

Key wordsAqueous rechargeable lithium battery      LiV3O8      Li2SO4 aqueous solution      Aqueous electrolyte      Electrochemical property     
Received: 13 July 2011      Published: 15 September 2011
MSC2000:  O646  

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20871101), Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department, China (10C1250), Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (11JJ4038), and Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Science & Technology Department, China (2010RS4027).

Corresponding Authors: LIU Li     E-mail:
Cite this article:

LIU Li, TIAN Fang-Hua, WANG Xian-You, ZHOU Meng. Electrochemical Behavior of LiV3O8 in Aqueous Li2SO4 Solution. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(11): 2600-2604.

URL:     OR

(1) Liu, X. H.; Saito, T.; Doi, T.; Okada, S.; Yamaki, J. J. Power Sources 2009, 189, 706.  
(2) Zhang, S.; Li, Y.;Wu, C.; Zheng, F.; Xie, Y. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 15058.  
(3) Li,W.; Dahn, J. R.;Wainwright, D. Science 1994, 264, 1115.  
(4) James, G. Science 1994, 264, 1084.  
(5) Luo, J. Y.; Xia, Y. Y. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2007, 17, 3877.  
(6) Kohler, J.; Makihara, H.; Uegaito, H.; Inoue, H.; Toki, M. Electrochim. Acta 2000, 46, 59.  
(7) Wang, G.; Fu, L.; Zhao, N.; Yang, L.;Wu, Y.;Wu, H. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2007, 46, 295.  
(8) Ruffo, R.;Wessells, C.; Huggins, R. A.; Cui, Y. Electrochem. Commun. 2009, 11, 247.  
(9) Zeng, X. L.; Huang, Y. Y.; Luo, F. L.; He, Y. B.; Tong, D. G. J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 2010, 54, 139.  
(10) Zhao, M. S.; Song, X. P.;Wang, F.; Dai,W. M.; Lu, X. G. Electrochim. Acta 2011, 56, 5673.  
(11) Wang, G. J.; Zhang, H. P.; Fu, L. J.;Wang, B.;Wu, Y. P. Electrochem. Commun. 2007, 9, 1873.  
(12) Wang, Y.; Luo, J.;Wang, C.; Xia, Y. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2006, 153, A1425.
(13) Liu, L.; Jiao, L.; Sun, J.; Zhao, M.; Zhang, Y.; Yuan, H.;Wang, Y. Solid State Ionics 2008, 178, 1756.  
(14) Caballero, A.; Morales, J.; Vargas, O. A. J. Power Sources 2010, 195, 4318.  
(15) Heli, H.; Yadegari, H.; Jabbari, A. Materials Chemistry and Physics 2011, 126, 477.
(16) Nakayama, N.; Yamada, I.; Huang, Y.; Nozawa, T.; Iriyam, Y.; Abe, T.; Ogumi, Z. Electrochim. Acta 2009, 54, 3428.  
(17) Wang, H.; Huang, K.; Zeng, Y.; Yang, S.; Chen, L. Electrochim. Acta 2007, 52, 3280.  
(18) Wang, H.; Zeng, Y.; Huang, K.; Liu, S.; Chen, L. Electrochim. Acta 2007, 52, 5102.  
(19) Wang, G. J.; Qu, Q. T.;Wang, B.; Shi, Y.; Tian, S.;Wu, Y. P.; Holze, R. J. Power Sources 2009, 189, 503.  
(20) Wang, G. J.; Zhao, N. H.; Yang, L. C.;Wu, Y. P.;Wu, H. Q.; Holze, R. Electrochim. Acta 2007, 52, 4911.  
(21) Tang,W.; Liu, L. L.; Tian, S.; Li, L.; Yue, Y. B.;Wu, Y. P.; Guan, S. Y.; Zhu, K. Electrochem. Commun. 2010, 12, 1524.  
(22) Luo, J. Y.; Cui,W. J.; He, P.; Xia, Y. Y. Nature Chemistry 2010, 2, 760.  
(23) Wang, G. J.; Fu, L. J.;Wang, B.; Zhao, N. H.;Wu, Y. P.; Holze, R. J. Appl. Electrochem. 2008, 38, 579.  
(24) Wang, G. J.; Qu, Q. T.;Wang, B.; Shi, Y.; Tian, S.;Wu, Y. P.; Holze, R. Electrochim. Acta 2009, 54, 1199.  
(25) Chen, C. H.; Liu, J.; Amine, K. J. Power Sources 2001, 96, 321.  
(26) Zhao, Y.;Wang, Y. Y.; Lai, Q. Y. L.; Chen, M.; Hao, Y. J.; Ji, X. Y. Synthetic Metals 2009, 159, 336.
[1] GU Yuxing, YANG Juan, WANG Dihua. Electrochemical Features of Carbon Prepared by Molten Salt Electro-reduction of CO2[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2019, 35(2): 208-214.
[2] LI Zhao-Hui, LI Shi-Jiao, ZHOU Jin, ZHU Ting-Ting, SHEN Hong-Long, ZHUO Shu-Ping. Preparation and Supercapacitive Performance of N, S Co-Doped Activated Carbon Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2015, 31(4): 676-684.
[3] WANG Li-Li, XING Rui-Guang, ZHANG Bang-Wen, HOU Yuan. Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Functionalized Graphene/Polyaniline Composite Electrode Materials[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(9): 1659-1666.
[4] ZHANG Jian-Fang, WANG Yan, SHEN Tian-Kuo, SHU Xia, CUI Jie-Wu, CHEN Zhong, WU Yu-Cheng. Visible Light Photocatalytic Performance of Cu2O/TiO2 Nanotube Heterojunction Composites Prepared by Pulse Deposition[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(8): 1535-1542.
[5] HUA Wei-Bo, ZHENG Zhuo, LI Long-Yan, GUO Xiao-Dong, LIU Heng, SHEN Chong-Heng, WU Zhen-Guo, ZHONG Ben-He, HUANG Ling. Synthesis of Nanostructured LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 by Ammonia-Evaporation-Induced Synthesis and Its Electrochemical Properties as a Cathode Material for a High-Power Li-Ion Battery[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(8): 1481-1486.
[6] HU Yu-Xiang, JIANG Chun-Xiang, FANG Liang, ZHENG Fen-Gang, DONG Wen, SU Xiao-Dong, SHEN Ming-Rong. Effect of HF Treatment on the Photoelectrochemical Properties of a Hematite Thin Film Photoanode for Water Splitting[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(6): 1099-1106.
[7] JIANG Chun-Xiang, HU Yu-Xiang, DONG Wen, ZHENG Fen-Gang, SU Xiao-Dong, FANG Liang, SHEN Ming-Rong. Bias-Determined Cu2O and Cu Growth on TiO2 Surface and Their Photoelectrochemical Properties[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(10): 1867-1875.
[8] SU Chang, HUANG Qi-Fei, XU Li-Huan, ZHANG Cheng. Preparation and Performances of C-LiFePO4/Polytriphenylamine Composite as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2014, 30(1): 88-94.
[9] ZHU Fu-Liang, ZHAO Jing-Xin, CHENG Yong-Liang, LI Hai-Bao, YAN Xing-Bin. Magnetic and Electrochemical Properties of NiCo2O4 Microbelts Fabricated by Electrospinning[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(12): 2874-2878.
[10] LI Qiang, ZHAO Hui, JIANG Rui, GUO Li-Fan. Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of La1.6Sr0.4Ni1-xCuxO4 as Cathode Materials for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(09): 2065-2070.
[11] HUANG Ye, LIU Yu-Yang, LI Wen-Zhang, CHEN Qi-Yuan. Effects of Calcination Temperature on Morphologies and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Anodized WO3 Nanoporous Films[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(04): 865-870.
[12] SUN Xian-Zhong, ZHANG Xiong, ZHANG Da-Cheng, MA Yan-Wei. Activated Carbon-Based Supercapacitors Using Li2SO4 Aqueous Electrolyte[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(02): 367-372.
[13] LIU Jia, GUO Li-Qin, ZHANG Xiao-Hong, RUAN Wen-Juan, ZHU Zhi-Ang. Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Salen-Type Complexes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2012, 28(02): 265-272.
[14] ZHANG Xiao-Yan, SUN Ming-Xuan, SUN Yu-Jun, LI Jing, SONG Peng, SUN Tong, CUI Xiao-Li. Photoelectrochemical Properties of Graphene Oxide Thin Film Electrodes[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(12): 2831-2835.
[15] WANG Zhi-Ping, LUO Hong, GAO Li-Hua, WANG Ke-Zhi. Electrostatically Self-Assembled Films Prepared Using Bipolar Thiophene Hemicyanine and Prussian Blue[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 2011, 27(03): 754-758.